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Chapter 5

Polis a city-state of ancient Greece
Acropolis a walled, high area surrounding a polis
Agora a open area in ancient Greece that served as a meeting and a market place
Helots in ancient Greece, they were state slaves
Hoplites foot soldiers in ancient Greece
Hubris great pride
Democracy a government run by the people
Solon Athenian statesman; he introduced the first civil democracy in Greece.
Tyrant a strong man who seized power by force and claimed the role for the good of the people
Cleisthenes ancient Greek ruler often called the ¨father of democracy¨.
Direct Democracy the type of governing system where all people vote directly on an issue
Archon a chief of state of ancient Athens
Phalanx a military formation composed of rows of soldiers standing shoulder to shoulder carrying pikes or heavy spears
Pericles Athenian statesmen; he encouraged the spread of democracy in Athens and the growth of the city-state´s power
Socrates Greek philosopher of Athens; his teaching style was based on questions
Plato Greek philosopher; a student of Socrates he started in a school called the Academy.
Aristotle Greek philosopher and student of Plato;he taught that logic was the tool for any necessary inquiry
Reason clear and ordered thinking
Logic the process of making innferences
Homer Greek poet; he wrote epic poems which tell stories set during and after the Trojan War
Lyric Poetry a type of poetry that gained its name from the lyre,and instrument that played while the poetry was sung
Herodotus Greek historian; his most famous work is The Histories, which describes major events of the Persian Wars
Thucydides Greek historian of the Athens; he wrote The History of the Peloponnesian War
Alexander the Great King of Macedon and conqueror of much of Asia; he is considered one of the greatest generals of all time
Hellenistic the bleeding of Greek cultures with those of Persia,Egypt, and Central Asia following the conquests of Alexander the Great
Euclid Greek geometer; he created practical books on geometric forms and mathematics
Eratosthenes Greek astronomer and geographer; he calculated the circumference of the globe
Archimedas Greek mathematician and inventor;he was known for his work in geometry
Created by: jaqwann001