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polis a city state in ancient Greece
acropolis a walled, high area surrounding a polis
agora an open area that served as a meeting place and market in early Greek city-states.
helots in ancient Greece state slaves
hoplites foot soldiers in ancient Greece.
hubris great pride.
democracy a government run by the people
Solon was an Athenian statesman, brought the first democracy to Greece
tyrant a strong man who seized power by force
cleisthenes was an ancient Athenian lawgiver credited with reforming the constitution of ancient Athens and setting it on a democratic footing in 508 BC.
direct democracy the type of governing system where all people vote directly on an issue.
archon a chief of state of ancient Athens.
phalanx body of soldiers standing or moving in close formation.
Pericles Athenian statesman he encouraged democracy in Athens
Socrates Greek philosopher of Athens, his teaching style was based on asking questions .
Plato Plato founded the Academy in Athens. An integral part of his thought is the theory of 'ideas' or 'forms', in which abstract entities or universals are contrasted with their objects or particulars in the material world.
Aristotle An ancient Greek philosopher and student of Plato. Along with Plato, he is considered the "Father of Western Philosophy
reason clear and ordered thinking
logic the process of making inferences
homer Greek poet wrote the odyssey
lyric poetry a type of poetry that gained its name from the lyre, an instrument that played while poetry was sung
herodotus Greek historian most famous work is the histories.
Thucydides Greek historian of Athens, he wrote the history of the Peloponnesian war.
Alexander the great king of Macedon; conqueror of Greece and Egypt and Persia; founder of Alexandria (356-323 BC)
Hellenistic the blending of Greek cultures with those of Persia, Egypt, central Asia
Euclid Greek geometer he created the practical books on geometric forms and mathamatics
Eratosthenes Greek astronomer and geographer he calculated the circumference of the globe using careful observations and simple geometry.
Archimedes Greek mathematician and inventor he was know for his work on geometry, physics and mechanics.
Created by: brandoncoppinger



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