Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Unit Eight

TermDefinition
Ellis Island The gateway for over 12 million immigrants to the U.S. as the United States' busiest immigrant inspection station for over 60 years from 1892 until 1954
Angel Island An immigration station located in San Francisco Bay which operated from January 21, 1910 to November 5, 1940, where immigrants entering the United States were detained and interrogated
Assimilation A minority group’s adoption of the beliefs and way of life of the dominant culture
Melting Pot A mixture of people from different cultures and races who blend together by abandoning their native languages and cultures
Americanization Movement Education program designed to help immigrants assimilate to American culture
Nativism Favoring the interests of native-born people over foreign-born people
Chinese Exclusion Act A law, enacted in 1882, that prohibited all Chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and government officials from entering the United States
Gentlemen's Agreement A 1907–1908 agreement by the government of Japan to limit Japanese emigration to the United States
Urbanization The growth of cities
Tenements A multifamily urban dwelling, usually overcrowded and unsanitary
Mass Transits Transportation systems designed to move large numbers of people along fixed routes
Political Machine An organized group that controls a political party in a city and offers services to voters and businesses in exchange for political and financial support
William "Boss" Tweed An American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall
Pendleton Civil Service Act A law, enacted in 1883, that established a bipartisan civil service commission to make appointments to government jobs by means of the merit system.
Knights of Labor The first important national labour organization in the United States, founded in 1869
American Federation of Labor An alliance of trade and craft unions, formed in 1886
Samuel Gompers An English-born American labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history ----- founded the American Federation of Labor ----- served as the organization's president from 1886 to 1894, and from 1895 until his death in 1924
American Railway Union Briefly among the largest labor unions of its time and one of the first industrial unions in the United States
Eugene Debs A political leader of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries ----- five times the presidential candidate of the Socialist party ----- imprisoned in the 1890s for illegally encouraging a railway strike
Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) A labor organization for unskilled workers, formed by a group of radical unionists and socialists in 1905
Haymarket Affair The aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration on Tuesday, May 4, 1886, at Haymarket Square in Chicago
Homestead Strike An industrial lockout and strike which began on July 1, 1892, culminating in a battle between strikers and private security agents on July 6, 1892
Progressive Movement An early-20th-century reform movement seeking to return control of the government to the people, to restore economic opportunities, and to correct injustices in American life
Robert M. La Follette An American lawyer and politician ----- represented Wisconsin in both chambers of Congress and served as the Governor of Wisconsin
Seventeenth Amendment An amendment to the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1913, that provides for the election of U.S. senators by the people rather than by state legislatures
Nineteenth Ammendment An amendment to the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1920, that gives women the right to vote
Muckraker One of the magazine journalists who exposed the corrupt side of business and public life in the early 1900s
The Jungle A novel by Upton Sinclair, published in 1906, that portrays the dangerous and unhealthy conditions prevalent in the meatpacking industry at that time
Keating-Owen Act A short-lived statute enacted by the U.S. Congress which sought to address child labor --- prohibited sale of goods produced by factories udr 14, mines udr 16, any facility where children <14 worked after 19:00 or before 06:00 or more than 8 hours daily
Square Deal President Theodore Roosevelt’s program of progressive reforms designed to protect the common people against big business
Elkins Act A 1903 United States federal law that amended the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 --- authorized the Interstate Commerce Commission to impose heavy fines on railroads that offered rebates, and upon the shippers that accepted these rebates
Hepburn Act A 1906 United States federal law that gave the Interstate Commerce Commission the power to set maximum railroad rates and extend its jurisdiction --- led to the discontinuation of free passes to loyal shippers
Meat Inspection Act A law, enacted in 1906, that established strict cleanliness requirements for meatpackers and created a federal meat-inspection program
Pure Food and Drug Act A law enacted in 1906 to halt the sale of contaminated foods and drugs and to ensure truth in labeling
Bull Moose Party A name given to the Progressive Party, formed to support Theodore Roosevelt’s candidacy for the presidency in 1912
Clayton Antitrust Act A law, enacted in 1914, that made certain monopolistic business practices illegal and protected the rights of labor unions and farm organizations
Federal Trade Commission (FTC) A federal agency established in 1914 to investigate and stop unfair business practices
Sixteenth Amendment Allows Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states on the basis of population
Federal Reserve System A national banking system, established in 1913, that controls the U.S. money supply and the availability of credit in the country.
Created by: sarah23me1