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Unit 4-EarlyRepublic

TermDefinition
Adams, John 2nd President dealing with the XYZ affair and Alien and Sedition Acts, Federalist Party member, 1st Vice President under Washington
Hamilton, Alexander 1st Secretary of the Treasury, supported a National Bank, founder of the Federalist Party
Jefferson, Thomas 3rd President dealing with LA purchase, Embargo Act, 1st Secretary of State under Washington, Vice President under Adams, founder of Democratic-Republican Party
Madison, James 4th President, first President to ask for declaration of war (1812), Secretary of State under Jefferson, founder of Democratic-Republican Party
Marshall, John Important Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for over 30 years, established Judicial Review and fought for a strong federal government, member of Federalist Party
Monroe, James 5th President dealing with MO Compromise and Monroe Doctrine, Era of Good Feeling, Secretary of State under Madison, member of Democratic-Republican party
Washington, George 1st President dealing with setting up a cabinet, the Whiskey Rebellion and giving his Farewell Address, against political parties and foreign involvement
Tecumseh Native American leader who tried to unite the various tribes West of the Appalachians against American settlement, killed in War of 1812
Cabinet Group of advisers, who lead departments, who help the president run the country by being experts in one or more fields
Democratic-Republicans Party of Jefferson, loosely supported the common man and wanted most to be farmers, favored state control of government
Federalists Party of Hamilton, loosely supported investors and wanted the most to be involved in manufacturing and trade, favored federal, or central, government control
War Hawks Americans who sought war with Britain in the early 1800’s, seeking to secure Western lands and possibly Canada
Whiskey Rebellion Revolt by farmers in Western PA over the federal government’s attempt to pay off Revolution debt by taxing whiskey, whiskey was the “cash crop” for grain farmers in the area, Washington’s response demonstrated the effective power of Federal government
Washington’s Farewell Address Speech, at the end of his Presidency, in which Washington warned the country against forming political parties and suggested they avoid getting involved in alliances with other countries
XYZ Affair Event during the Adams presidency where three French government officials demanded a bribe to fix a disagreement between America and France, this almost caused a war
Alien and Sedition Acts Law passed by Federalist Party members of Congress to slow immigrants from getting the right to vote for Democratic-Republicans, and making it against the law to criticize the government, signed by President Adams, it was very popular
Louisiana Purchase 1803 Purchase of land for $15 million, stretching from the MS river to the Rocky Mountains, that doubled the size of the U.S., Lewis & Clark explored the new Land
Embargo Act Attempt by President Jefferson to avoid conflict with both Britain and France, by banning trade with any foreign countries, the embargo was disastrous for the American economy
Judicial Review Concept that says the Supreme Court has the final word on what is illegal, this was proposed by Chief Justice John Marshall in the Marbury v Madison case
Protective Tariffs Taxes on imported goods that seek to help local industries create jobs and to make local goods cheaper to buy, does not help all people equally
Free Enterprise System Economic theory that says all people should work where they want, buy what they want, and let the concept of supply and demand determine prices and wages, Free Enterprise encourages government stay out of the economy
Monroe Doctrine Policy issued during Monroe’s Presidency that stated Europeans should no longer try to colonize in the Western Hemisphere, it also stated that America would view attempts to colonize as an attack upon America and respond as needed
Created by: RRIceboy883