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Unit 3-Const/Govt

TermDefinition
Madison, James Father of the Constitution and a strong Federalist from VA, author of many of the key Federalist Papers
Blackstone, WIlliam English political philosopher and lawyer, during the 1700's, whose overview of English law served as a model for Americans and stressed the importance of Unalienable Rights
Henry, Patrick Anti-Federalist from VA, famous for refusing to attend the Philadelphia Convention in 1787 because he said he, "smelled a rat tending toward monarchy"
Hamilton, Alexander Strong Federalist from NY, author of many of the key Federalist Papers
Washington, George President of the Philadelphia Convention in 1787, given credit for encouraging conversation and compromise, a strong Federalist from VA
Mason, George Father of the Bill of Rights, strong Anti
de Montesquieu, Charles French political philosopher during the 1700's who invented the idea of Separation of Powers, very influential with all of the farmers
Articles of Confederation (AOC) Original government for the U.S., it was not ratified for 4 years due to state disagreements, highly ineffective, it fell apart, and was replaced, by 1787
Northwest Ordinance One of the few accomplishments of the AOC, set standards for how new territories could organize and become states, became the template for the entry of remaining 37 states into the union, banned slavery in the Northwest Territory north of the Ohio River
Shay's Rebellion Revolt by a band of MA farmers against crushing property taxes levied by the state, most of the farmers were war veterans who were still owed $ by the Central government, highlighted the weakness of the AOC government to deal with disturbances
Philadelphia Convention (1787) Convention called to "fix" the AOC at the site of the signing of the DOI, instead James Madison, and a group of supporters including Alexander Hamilton, proposed a new government to be organized under the Constitution
Federalist Strong supporter of the Constitution and a strong Federal, or Central, governemnt
Anti Federalist Opposed the Constitution because they favored States Rights where the states were stronger than the federal, or Central government, also favored the addition of a Bill of Rights to the Constitution
Constitutional Republic A constitutional republic is separated into executive, legislative, and judicial branches ruled by a constitution, the leaders are elected, and DO NOT inherit their positions
Three Fifths Compromise Compromise at the Constitutional Convention over taxes, representation and how slaves would be counted for these, it was decided to count slaves as ⅗ of a person for both
Great Compromise Compromise at the Constitutional Convention over representation in the Legislature (Congress), one house would be = by state (Senate), and one would be based on population (House of Reps)
Amend / Ratify (Amendment) Amend - to change in order to improve (Changes to Constitution) Ratify - to consent to or to make official (Approve documents, amendments)
Necessary and Proper Clause Article 1, section 8, clause 18 (also known as the Elastic Clause), allows the Congress to pass any law it thinks it needs to do its job, although the checks and balances given the other two branches can stop this
Bill of Rights First ten Amendments to the Constitution that guarantee individual rights of the citizens and the States, freedom of expression, rights of the accused, and rights not described are protected
Due Process Law being fairly written and applied to all citizens
Created by: RRIceboy883