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Unit 2-Revolution

TermDefinition
Adams, Abigail The wife of John Adams, a patriot, an early advocate for women's rights, wrote many letters to her husband expressing her political view
Adams, John Patriot lawyer who defended the British soldiers who were involved in the Boston Massacre, he wanted to show that the colonists could be fair and followed the rule of law, helped with the DOI
Adams, Samuel Patriot who was the leader of the Boston Son's of Liberty, (a group that led boycotts and protests in the colonies, like the Boston Tea Party)
Franklin, Benjamin Patriot who helped convince France to assist the colonists in the American Revolution, his Albany Plan of Union, in the 1750's, was the first formal proposal to unite the colonies, helped with the DOI
Henry, Patrick Member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, led the opposition to the Stamp Act, gave a famous speech in favor of mobilizing for military action, "Give me Liberty or Give me death!"
Jefferson, Thomas Wealthy Virginian who was the primary writer of the Declaration of Independence
King George III King of England during the Revolutionary War, he wanted to keep the American colonies under British control, he also believed the colonies needed to be punished for their treasonous actions
Lafayette, Marquis de 19 year old French nobleman who believed in the American cause and volunteered to fight/lead in Washington's Continental Army
Locke, John English philosopher and Enlightenment thinker who argued that people have natural rights to life, liberty and property that government cannot take away, his ideas were included in the Declaration of Independence by Thomas Jefferson
Washington, George Major from Virginia who served in the French and Indian War, delegate from VA to the 2nd Continental Congress, selected commanding General of the Continental Army during the Revolution
Bias Prejudice in favor of one thing, person or group over another, usually in a way that is considered unfair.
Battles of Lexington & Concord FIRST BATTLES of the American Revolution taking place in Massachussetts, Lexington is the "The shot heard 'round the world"
First Continental Congress A meeting of delegates in 1774 from all the colonies except Georgia to uphold colonial rights
Guerilla Tactics Covert (secret) military plans that include sneak attacks and surprise raids to gain momentary advantage as opposed to traditional overt military plans where you face your enemy in the open with the goal of winning the war
Articles of Confederation Document adopted by the Continental Congress in 1777 and ratified (approved) by the states in 1781, that outlined the 1st form of government of the United States
Declaration of Independence Document written in 1776 in which the colonies declared independence from Britain, contained a list of grievances (complaints) against the King of England
Unalienable Rights The concept from Enlightenment thinker John Locke that humans have certain rights that governments cannot take away: Life, Liberty and the right to property, expressed by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence
Battle of Saratoga TURNING POINT in the American Revolution. American victory, caused European nations, especially France, to support American in their war for independence from Britain
Second Continental Congress Meeting where Americans agreed to form the Continental Army, with George Washington as the commanding general, and declare independence from Britain
Valley Forge Winter camp of the Continental Army 1777
Battle of Yorktown LAST MAJOR BATTLE of the Revolution, American and French troops, and French ships, combine to surround and bombard British General Cornwallis and his troops forcing their surrender
Treaty of Paris-1783 Document stating the conditions for the end of the Revolutionary War including independence for the U.S. and defining the boundaries of the new nation
Created by: RRIceboy883