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History chapter 1

A New World

Given his recommendation for the improvement of Indian and Spanish relations, Bartolomé de Las Casas would have most in common with which other reform-minded individual? Martin Luther
Most Native American tribes were individual groups before Europeans arrived; however, five Iroquois peoples did unite and formed a Great League of Peace. Identify the most likely reasons the five tribes of Iroquois united under one confederacy. to combine their fighting forces to defeat other native tribes in the area; to form am alliance against European invasion
Many Europeans believed Natives were too free, and were surprised that their language lacked words for concepts such as “oppressed” or “obedient subjects,” which were commonplace in European languages. True
Columbus went to his grave believing he discovered a westward route to Asia. He referred to the native peoples he encountered as Indians, a term that has endured to this day. But who were the people that Christopher Columbus actually “discovered”? Native Americans
Answering the question here will not affect your activity score or grade. Identify the territory that would be considered a borderland. the "middle ground" of the upper Great Lakes
Identify the statements that describe the encounters between the peoples of the Americas and the Europeans. Europeans sought wealth in NewWorld 1st relying on natives for trade & labor; invention of print made Europeans able to share information & follow in each other's sailing paths; Europeans raced to convert as many Indians to their religion as possible
According to the widespread legal doctrine known as “coverture,” when a woman married she surrendered her legal identity and became “covered” by that of her husband. What did coverture mean for married women? Married women couldn't conduct family business, own property or sign contracts, & family life was dependent on male dominance & female submisssion
Identify the key characteristics of the Hopi and Zuni civilizations of Western Indians. built planned town with large multi-famiy dwellings, conducted trade with faraway groups, constructed dams & canals to gather & distribute water
Identify the differences between native ways of life in the northern and southern portions of what became the United States. SOUTH Foraged along the seacoast, managed orchards, hunted alligators NORTH relied on fishing gather wild rice
Identify the statements that describe the voyages of discovery across the Atlantic Ocean. Magellan was the only explorer to sail around most of South America, Cabot was the only explorer to arrive in Canada, Columbus crossed Atlantic 4 times landing in Carribean & South America
The Pueblo Revolt (1680) provided lessons for both natives and Spanish peoples. What were the outcomes of the Pueblo Revolt? Natives rebuilt their worship places, Pueblos rejected all symbols of European culture, Spanish adopted a more tolerant attitude in their relations with natives
Identify the key characteristics of the French and Dutch colonies FRENCH married Indian women relying on them as guides, traders & interpreters DUTCH Women had Legal rights, had landowners with worker who made wages, religious tolerance existed
Identify the statements that describe the population in Spanish colonies. All single men required to marry, wives of colonist required to leave Spain to join husbands, people born in Spain were minority of the population in Spainish colonies
Identify the innovations Native Americans lacked that prevented them from developing agriculture beyond the basic crops of corns, beans, and squash. wheeled vehicles & domesticated animals
What petition was filed by Quakers demanding they be allowed to settle in a Dutch colony? Flushing remonstrance
Why was Columbus more confident than others about his ability to sail westward? Columbus used the Bible to calculate that Asia was only 3000 miles to the west.
Place in chronological order the events and actions that led to Cortés conquering the Aztecs. Aztec alienate neighboring tribes, Cortes befriends non-Aztec tribes, disease overtakes the Aztecs, king was captured & killed
The inhabitants of what Native American city near present-day St. Louis were known for building burial mounds? Cahokia
The development of new technologies allowed Europeans to explore west across the Atlantic. Identify the new technologies that enabled this travel. invention of the compass & quadrant, development of the caravel
Most Native American societies were matrilineal. Which of the following is a characteristic of a matrilineal society? Children become members of their mother's family, not their father's family
Identify the key characteristics of the repartimiento system. Natives were paid wages, required to preform a fixed amount of labor, remained legally free,
Identify characteristics applied to native societies’ definitions of freedom. Famlies "owned" the right to use land. supported the idea of freedom of religious choice, family ties & kinship were prioritized over individual needs
Identify characteristics applied to European societies’ definitions of freedom. moral behavior was directed by a written code of laws, individual freedom was prioritized over group needs, specific freedoms were outline in formal laws, freedom was associated with individual ownership of property
The “Columbian Exchange” was a process of introducing animals, plants, technology, and disease from one part of the world to another. The exchange went both ways. Identify the country of origin of the goods that were part of this exchange Old World (Europeans) brought sugarcane, smallpox, horses & cattle New World (natives) brought corn and potatoes
While Native Americans have few common characteristics within their societies, they do share a central religious belief throughout North America called “animism.” Identify the statement that best defines animism. the belief that sacred spirits are found in living and inanimate things
Identify the most likely reasons the five tribes of Iroquois united under one confederacy. To combine their fighting forces to defeat other native tribes in the area, to form an alliance against European invasion
Created by: kelsriley12