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Everything Else

TermDefinition
Liberty Freedom from tyrant control
Egalitarianism Everyone is equal in society, no class structure
Individualism People can follow their own goals and ideas.
Populism People participating in political life.
Laissez-faire Government has "hands off" approach to economy.
Assimilate To become integrated into society
Americanization The process of an immigrant coming to America and learning American values and culture.
Robber barons People who become rich by being ruthless with other companies.
Captains of Industry A person who contributed to society by gaining a great personal fortune.
Philanthropy A desire to donate to others; the love of humanity
Monopoly The total possession or control of a supply
Economics A branch of society involved with production, consumption, and wealth.
Entrepreneurship Creating a business, making financial risks in hopes of profit.
Trusts A business structure where a business gives another business the right to hold a title for the benefit of another business.
Social Darwinism The theory that people in society are subject to the same laws of natural selection from Darwin's philosophy.
Nativist A person who supports protecting the interests of native-born inhabitants instead of immigrants.
Social Gospel A religious movement that advocated for the social reforms caused by industrialization and urbanization by applying Christian principals.
Ethnically Homogeneous A group of people having similar ethnic background from ancestry.
Political Boss/Political Machine A political group lead by a boss or small group who commands votes to maintain political control. Rewards those who vote for them.
Infrastructure The basic structure needed for a society or enterprise.
Urban Relating to a city or town.
Rural Relating to the countryside.
Political Corruption Government officials using their power for illegitimate gain.
Segregation Separating people from other people , historically by race, ethnicity, gender, etc.
Industrialization The development of industries in a country.
Labor Union An organization of workers aimed to protect their rights.
Entrepreneur A person who organizes a business and takes financial risks to make that business.
Free Enterprise An economic system where a private business works in competition.
Inflation An increase in prices and a decrease in the value of money.
Isolationism A policy to stay away from the political affairs of other countries or groups.
Interventionism A policy to use non-defensive activities to manipulate an economy or society.
Temperance Abstinence from an alcoholic drink.
Civil Service The professional branches of a government’s administration.
Reform A change in something for the better. (Usually a social, economic or political practice.)
Suffrage The right to vote in political elections.
Settlement House An institution in a city to provide education, recreation or social services to a community.
Conservation To save a resource and prevent wasting it.
The Jungle A book that was supposed to describe the sanitary conditions of the meat industry and it’s working conditions to promote socialism but instead concerned people about the health risks.
Initiative The ability to assess and start things independently.
Referendum A general vote by electorates on a question proposed to them.
Recall To vote to kick an elected official from office.
Muckraker A person who purposely publishes the wrongdoings of someone for profit or gain.
Imperialism A policy of extending a countries power through diplomatic or military means.
Anti-Imperialism To be against the idea of imperialism and capitalism.
Anglo-Saxonism Belief English-speaking nations are destined to dominate other nations.
Yellow Journalism
Expansionism The policy of expanding territory and economy
Manifest Destiny The belief that expansion of the US was justified.
Foreign Policy A governments policy of dealing with other nations.
Big Stick Policy Theodore Roosevelt’s policy that the US should assert dominance to other nations.
Dollar Diplomacy The use of a country’s financial power to spread influence.
Panama Canal A waterway in Panama connecting the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
Fourteen Points A statement of principle points by Woodrow Wilson to negotiate peace and end World War I.
Treaty of Versailles The treaty that ended World War I between Germany and the Allied Powers.
Eugenics Beliefs and practices aimed to improve genetic quality of humans by excluding unwanted genetic groups thought to be inferior.
War bonds Debt securities bought by citizens to fund military activities during war time.
Victory gardens A vegetable garden grown to increase food production during war.
Tin Pan Alley A collection of New York City music producers and songwriters that dominated the culture during the 19th and 20th century.
Zimmerman Telegram A secret diplomatic communication from Germany to Mexico to create an alliance that was intercepted by America.
Island hopping A military strategy used by the Allies in the Pacific War against Japan to conquer island to island.
Embargo An official ban in a particular country.
Manhattan Project A research project during World War II to create nuclear weapons.
Internment camps The forced relocation of Japanese Americans during World War II into American concentration camps.
Propaganda Information used to promote a political idea, usually biased and misleading.
Rationing To allow each person a fixed amount of something, like food.
Speakeasy An illicit establishment that sells alcoholic beverages that came about particularly during the Prohibition Act in America.
Immigration quotas A limit by the United States for the number of immigrants brought into the country.
Buying on margin Taking out a loan to put into the stock market that leads to inflation.
Hoovervilles Shanty towns built by the homeless in America during the Great Depression.
Court packing A legislative initiative proposed by Franklin D. Roosevelt to add more justices to the US Supreme Court.
Containment The act of keeping something harmful under control of within limits.
McCarthyism The practice of making accusations without any evidence proving it.
credibility gap A difference between what is said or promised and what ends up being true.
Pentagon Papers A top secret study of US political and military involvement in the Vietnam war and was leaked to the public in 1971.
Vietnamization The US policy of withdrawing troops from Vietnam and giving the war effort to the government of South Vietnam.
Great Society A domestic program that sponsored social welfare programs.
Détente (with China) An ease of relationships and hostility between the US and China.
Silent majority A term used by President Nixon meaning that the majority of Americans who support his policies are silent and the minority against his policies are noisy.
Created by: KacenG