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Allied Powers these were the nations united against the Axis during WWII
atomic bomb this was the nuclear weapon used by the US to force Japan to surrender during WWII
Axis this was the alliance of nations that opposed the Allies in WWII
Blitzkrieg this was the rapid new attack method used by Nazi Germany in WWII
Churchill he was a British statesman and leader during WWII
dictatorship a government in which absolute power is exercised by one ruler
Elanor Roosevelt this former first lady helped her husband during the Great Depression and served in the United Nations following the end of WWII
Franklin Roosevelt he was the longest-serving president of the US and the only president elected more than twice
Germany this country invaded Poland to start WWII in Europe, was divided during the Cold War, was reunified in 1990, and is currently a federal republic
GI this is the nickname for a member of the US armed forces, most notably in WWII, but also for other 20th century conflicts
Harry Truman he was the 33rd president of the US, taking over after the death of Franklin Roosevelt, and was responsible for giving the orders to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima in 1945
Hirohito he was the leader of Japan before, during, and after WWII
Hiroshima this is the Japanese city that was the first to be subjected to nuclear warfare to bring about the end of WWII
Hitler this was the totalitarian leader of Nazi Germany during WWII
Holocaust this was the act of genocide carried out by Germany on the Jewish population of Europe
Imperialism this is the policy of countries to extend their political and economic control over distant lands
Iron Curtain this is the western name for the boundary which symbolically and physically divided Europe from the end of WWII until the end of the Cold War
Isolationism this is a policy of nonparticipation in international affairs
Iwo Jima this was a fierce battle on a small Pacific Island in February-March of 1945 that took place against Japanese forces. The US gained a key military airstrip as a result.
Japan this country was the last of the Axis Powers to surrender in 1945, but today is one of the most powerful economies in Asia and the world
Joseph Stalin he was the totalitarian dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928-1953
Manhattan Project this was the effort during WWII to develop the first nuclear weapons of the US in collaboration with the UK and Canada
Mussolini he was a leader of Italy during WWII and ally to Adolph Hitler. He created a fascist state through the use of state terror and propaganda
Nagasaki this is the name of the second city to be attacked with an atomic weapon during WWII
Normandy Invasion this is another name for Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of western Europe that began on June 6, 1944
Pacific Theater this refers to the SPECIFIC area of fighting between Japanese and Allied forces during WWII
Pearl Harbor this is the US Naval base attacked by the Japanese in 1941 that brought the US into WWII
ration this is the controlled distribution and consumption of scarce resources and goods
Rosie the Riveter this was a fictional woman that represented all the women that took manufacturing jobs during WWII to support the war effort
Tuskegee Airmen these men were the first African American military aviators in the US armed forces and they served with distinction in WWII
USS Arizona this is the name of the American battleship that exploded and sank during the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, killing 1,000 crewmen
VE Day this is the name given to the end of WWII in Europe in May of 1945. It stands for "Victory in Europe" Day
Victory Garden this is the name given to small agricultural plots farmed by American and other Allied families during WWI and WWII
VJ Day this is the name given to the surrender of Japan and the end of fighting in the Pacific Theater of WWII in August of 1945
World War II this was a worldwide military conflict from 1939-1945 in which the Axis and Allies were pitted against each other
United Nations this is an international organization,0 made up of most every country, created following WWII to provide a way to negotiate disputes
Created by: nkittie



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