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Britain 1660 - 1664

The Restoration of Parliament

Declaration of Breda In 1660 Charles promised: -to listen to parliament's advice -an indemnity -'liberty to tender consciences' -payment of the army's wages -settlement of disputes over land by parliament
Search for Stability Act of Indemnity and Oblivion granted a general pardon to supporters of the republican regime except those who had condemned Charles I to death. Land confiscated were reinstated to it's original owners. New Model Army was peacefully disbanded.
Anglican Church Restored along with bishops in 1660
Religious settlement Despite Charles promising toleration parliament wanted to persecute non-conformists to the Anglican church.
Corporation Act In 1661 only Anglicans were allowed to hold office. Puritan strongholds were severely weakened.
The Quaker Act In 1662 severe financial penalties were imposed on Quakers.
Act of Uniformity In 1662 all clergymen had to accept Anglican doctrines and rituals. Hundreds of parish priests were driven from their livings.
Conventicle Act In 1664 dissenting assemblies of more than five people were prohibited
Toleration Charles attempted to denounce harsher aspects of religious settlement but this caused conflict between Crown and Parliament
Charles finance Received £1.2 million a year and a new Hearth Tax, introduced in 1662. Charles however was not financially independent despite receiving more finance than previous Stuart monarchs.
Triennial Act In 1664 the Cavalier parliament replaced the Triennial Act of 1641 with a much weaker version. There was no penalty or procedure put in place if Charles failed to call parliament.
Hearth Tax A tax on every fireplace and stove in the Kingdom.
Created by: Haribro