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Britain 1660 - 1664
The Restoration of Parliament
|Declaration of Breda
|In 1660 Charles promised: -to listen to parliament's advice -an indemnity -'liberty to tender consciences' -payment of the army's wages -settlement of disputes over land by parliament
|Search for Stability
|Act of Indemnity and Oblivion granted a general pardon to supporters of the republican regime except those who had condemned Charles I to death. Land confiscated were reinstated to it's original owners. New Model Army was peacefully disbanded.
|Restored along with bishops in 1660
|Despite Charles promising toleration parliament wanted to persecute non-conformists to the Anglican church.
|In 1661 only Anglicans were allowed to hold office. Puritan strongholds were severely weakened.
|The Quaker Act
|In 1662 severe financial penalties were imposed on Quakers.
|Act of Uniformity
|In 1662 all clergymen had to accept Anglican doctrines and rituals. Hundreds of parish priests were driven from their livings.
|In 1664 dissenting assemblies of more than five people were prohibited
|Charles attempted to denounce harsher aspects of religious settlement but this caused conflict between Crown and Parliament
|Received £1.2 million a year and a new Hearth Tax, introduced in 1662. Charles however was not financially independent despite receiving more finance than previous Stuart monarchs.
|In 1664 the Cavalier parliament replaced the Triennial Act of 1641 with a much weaker version. There was no penalty or procedure put in place if Charles failed to call parliament.
|A tax on every fireplace and stove in the Kingdom.