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Ch. 2 Review

American West

QuestionAnswer
Who wrote a book about the unfair treatment of Indians? Helen Hunt Jackson
Who invented the reaper, which helped farmers harvest crops on the Great Plains? Cyrus McCormick
Who was a famous leader of the Seventh Cavalry who met his end at Little Bighorn? George Custer
This gave settlers 160 acres of free land on the Great Plains: Homestead Act
This law abolished Indian tribes and tried to make Indians farmers: Dawes Act
The Great Plains Indians relied on _________ for food, clothing, and shelter: buffalo
Which states are part of the Great Plains? Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, or Texas
Describe the climate of the Great Plains. hot summers, very cold winters, very little rain
What was discovered in the Black Hills that caused the federal government to break its treaty with the Sioux and take their land in South Dakota? gold
On May 10, 1869, what was finally completed? the first transcontinental railroad
The last battle between the Indians and the U.S. Army happened in 1890 at Wounded Knee
The long drive would begin in ___________ and end in __________. Texas; Abilene
The open range came to an end with the invention of barbed wire in 1873
Which of the following terms does not belong? Custer’s Last Stand; The Battle at Little Bighorn; the Sioux; Chief Joseph Chief Joseph
Who were the first to raise cattle in the American Southwest? early Spanish settlers
Who built the transcontinental railroad? Irish and Chinese immigrants; African Americans; Civil war veterans
Before 1860, there were about _______ buffalo and by 1903 there were only ____ left in the U.S. 12 million; 34
Colonel John Chivington attacked a peaceful group of ___________ in 1864. Cheyenne
Who invented barbed wire? Joseph Glidden
When the railroads were completed, a gold one of these was used to connect the railroads together. spike
This means having very little money. poverty
This is the land where cattle grazed. open range
These were places where Indians were forced to live. reservations
This means “across the continent.” transcontinental
This invention made it easier to put up fences on the Great Plains. barbed wire
Created by: david.frost