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QuestionAnswer
Liberty The state of being free within a society from opressive restrictions opposed by authority on ones way of life.
Egalitarianism The doctrine that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities.
Individualism The principle of being independent and self reliant.
Populism The political approach that strives to appeal to ordinary people who feel that their concerns are disregarded by the established elite groups .
Laissez-faire Absentstion by governments from interfering in the workings of the free market.
Assimilate To take in (ideas/culture) and understand/take in fully.
Americanization The action of making a person or thing American in character or nationality.
Robber barons A person who becomes rich through ruthless business practices. Ex: cutting wages
Captains of industry A business leader who amasses a personal fortune contributing largely and positively to their country in some way. Opposite of Robber barons.
Philanthropy A desire to promote the welfare of others, often expressed by the generous donation of money to good causes.
Monopoly A commodity or service in exclusive control of a company or group.
Economics The branch of knowledge concerned with the production, consumption and transfer of wealth.
Entrepreneurship The activity of eating up a business and taking financial risks in hopes of profit.
Trusts A large grouping of business interests with significant market power, which may be embodied as a corporation. Trusts usually referring to a monopoly.
Social Darwinism The theory that people are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants as animals. Advocated by Herbert Spencer and used to advocate imperialism, conservatism and racism.
Nativist Relating to or supporting the policy of protecting the interests of native born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.
Social Gospel Christian faith practiced as a call not just to personal conversation but to social reform.
Ethnetically homogeneous Everyone in the area or group has a similar ethnic background.
Political boss/Political machine a political group in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses
Infastruscture the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities needed for the operaration of a society or enterprise.
Urban relating to, or characteristic of a town or city.
Rural relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than a town or city.
Political corruption The use of powers by government officials for private gain.
Segregation The enforced separation of different racial groups.
Industrialization The development of industries in a country or region on a wide scale.
Labor union An organized association of workers forming to protect and further their rights and interests.
Entrepreneur A person who organizes and operates a small business or businesses and taking financial risks in order to do so.
Free enterprise An economic system in which private business operates in a competition and largely free of state control.
Inflation A general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
Isolationism A policy of remaining apart from the affairs of other nations by declining to enter into alliances
Interventionism Practice or theory of intervening specifically: governmental interference in economic affairs at home or in political affairs of another country.
Temperance Having patience/tolerance/restraint and moderation.
Civil service Th permanent professional branches of governments administration, excluding military and judicial branches and elected politicians.
Reform A movement is a type of social movement that aims to bring a social or political system closer to the community's ideal.
Suffrage Women's suffrage is the right of women to vote in elections; a person who advocates the extension of suffrage.
Settlement house an institution in an inner-city area providing educational, recreational, and other social services to the community.
Conservation The act of conserving; prevention of injury, decay, waste, or loss; preservation: conservation of wildlife; conservation of human rights.
The Jungle A novel written in 1904 by the American journalist and novelist Upton Sinclair (1878–1968). Sinclair wrote the novel to portray the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants in the United States in Chicago and similar industrialized cities.
initiative The general right or ability to present a new bill measure, as in legislature an initiative is the first series of actions
Referendum A direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal. This may result in the adoption of a new law.
Recall Polities, voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before that official's term has ended.
Muckraker A person who intentionally seeks out and publishes the misdeeds, such as criminal acts or corruption, of a public individual for profit or gain.
Imperialism A type of government that seeks to increase its size, either by forcing (through war) or influencing other countries to submit to their rule.
Anti-imperialism Opposed the expansion because they believed imperialism violated the credo of republicanism, especially the need for "consent of the governed".
Anglo-Saxonism Actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over a smaller or weaker nation. Belief that English-speaking nations had superior characters, ideas, and systems of govt. and were destined to dominate the world
Yellow Journalism Journalism that is based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration.
Expansionism A policy or practice of expansion and especially of territorial expansion by a nation.
Manifest Destiny A widely held belief in the United States that its settlers were destined to expand across North America.
Foreign Policy A policy pursued by a nation in its dealings with other nations, designed to achieve national objectives.
Big Stick Policy Created by Theodore Roosevelt symbolically project American power without actually having to use force.
Dollar Diplomacy During President William Howard Taft's term, a form of American foreign policy to further its aims in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries.
Panama Canal Permits shippers of commercial goods, ranging from automobiles to grain, to save time and money by transporting cargo more quickly between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
Fourteen Points statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I.
Treaty of Versailles The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
Eugenics beliefs and practices that aim to improve the genetic quality of a human population by excluding certain genetic groups judged to be inferior, and promoting other genetic groups judged to be superior.
War bonds A war bond is a debt security issued by a government for the purpose of financing military operations during times of war. It is an emotional appeal to patriotic citizens to lend the government their money as these bonds offer a rate of return below the m
Victory gardens vegetable, fruit, and herb gardens planted in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and Germany during World War I and World War II to reduce the pressure on the public food supply brought on by the war effort.
Tin Pan Alley New York City music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 19th century and early 20th century; percussionists
Zimmerman Telegram secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico.
Island hopping military strategy used by the United States. It is where forces only concentrate their resources, setting up military forces/ supplies, on strategically important islands.
Embargo an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.
Manhattan Project research development World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons. It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada.research and development of the atomic bomb. Helped make bombs we would use against Japan
Internment camps Japanese Americans to leave their homes and live in internment camps. These were like prisons.
Propaganda information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, or nation. In this case, Britain used propaganda to help themselves in order to harm the enemy.
Rationing controlled distribution of scarce resources, goods, services, or an artificial restriction of demand
Speakeasy practice of speaking quietly about such a place in public, or when inside it, so as not to alert the police and neighbors. The word gained wide currency in U.S. during Prohibition
Immigration quotas The Immigration Act of 1924 was the most severe: it limited the overall number of immigrants and established quotas based on nationality
Buying on margin Buying of stocks on margin refers to the practice of borrowing money to buy stocks. ... After the crash, the stock prices were way down.
Hoovervilles town built during the Great Depression by the homeless named after Herbert Hoover, who was President of the United States of America during the onset of the Depression and was widely blamed for it.
Court packing unsuccessful proposal made by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1937 proposed to increase the number of U.S. Supreme Court justices from nine to fifteen.
Created by: Salette.rios