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Chapter 4

TermDefinition
Subcontinent a large mass that is continent but is considered a independent province
Monsoons seasonal winds in India
Citadel a fortess
Vedas sacred writing of the Indo-Aryans
Rajas leaders of ancient cities in India
Varnas the four social classes in Vedic society
Castes social classes in the ancient Indian class system
Hinduism the most popular religion in India
Reincarnation the belief of a person dies and is reborn into another form
Karma the belief that a persons actions good and bad effect there life
Moksha the escape from the cycle of rebirth
Dharma the religious and moral duties practiced in Hinduism
Yoga a series of physical and mental exercises that teaches people how to focus body and mind
Jainism a religion founded in India and focuses on worldly things and practice of self discipline
Ahimsa nonviolence and respect for all living things
Buddism the religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama
Buddha the founder of buddhism and based it on Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path
Four Noble Truths the essence of the Buddhas teachings
Eightfold Path the Middle way and known as the nirvana or enlightenment
Nirvana the release from the world and all peace/enlightenment
Middle Way advises people to live in moderation the extreme s of either comfort or discomfort in the search of nirvana
Loess fine yellowish soil blown from he desert region
Court a gathering of nobles around a monarch
Oracle Bones inscribed animal bones used to predict the future
Mandate Of Heaven the Chinese belief that royal authority is the result of divine approval
Dynastic Cycle the rise and fall of the Chinese dynasties
Confucianism the belief of the Chinese that the stressed treating one another humanely and honoring ones family
Daoism a system of ideas based on the teachings of the Chinese thinker Laozi
Created by: jaqwann001