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ch.4

vocab

TermDefinition
Subcontinent a large, distinguishable part of a continent.
monsoons a seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and Southeast Asia.
citadel a fortress, typically on high ground, protecting or dominating a city.
vedas the most ancient Hindu scriptures, written in early Sanskrit and containing hymns, philosophy, and guidance on ritual for the priests of Vedic religion.
rajas (in Vedanta) the element or mode of prakriti associated with passion, energy, and movement.
varnas each of the four Hindu castes, Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra.
castes social classes in the ancient Indian class system
Hinduism the largest religion in India; Hindus believe that everything in the world is a power of Brahman.
Reincarnation he rebirth of a soul in a new body.
karma the totality of a persons deeds good or bad will influence the future.
moksha (in Hinduism and Jainism) release from the cycle of rebirth impelled by the law of karma
dharma in Hinduism the religious and moral duties of an individual
yoga a Hindu spiritual and ascetic discipline, a part of which, including breath control, simple meditation, and the adoption of specific bodily postures.
jainism a religion in India founded at the same time as Buddhism
ahimsa in Jainism, nonviolence and respect for all living things.
Buddhism A religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama which teaches the four noble truths and follows the Eightfold Path.
buddha Buddha is the title given to Gautama Siddhartha, the religious teacher and founder of Buddhism. countable noun. A Buddha is a statue or picture of the Buddha.
4 Noble truths In Buddhism, the Four Noble Truths are "the truths of the Noble Ones," the truths or realities which are understood by the "worthy ones" who have attained nirvana.
eightfold path the middle way and part of the four nobles truths that the Buddha taught as the means to nirvana or enlightenment
nirvana a transcendent state in which there is neither suffering, desire, nor sense of self, and the subject is released from the effects of karma and the cycle of death and rebirth. It represents the final goal of Buddhism.
middle way the eightfold path of Buddhism between indulgence and asceticism.
loess fine yellowish soil blown from the desert region
court A gathering of nobles around a monarch
oracle bones inscribed animal bones used to predict the future
mandate of heaven the Chinese belief that royal authority is the result of divine approval
dynastic cycle the rise and fall of the Chinese dynasties
Confucianism a belief system based on the teachings of Confucius
daoism A system of ideas and beliefs based on teachings of Chinese thinker Laozi
Created by: brandoncoppinger
 

 



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