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Legislations/Cases

TermDefinition
U.S. Constitution The supreme law of the United States that explains the frame of government.
Bill of Rights The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution
1st Amendment Prevents the government from creating laws interfering with freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of assembly, and freedom of the press.
2nd Amendment Protects the right of the people to keep and bear arms
4th Amendment Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures of people’s property.
5th Amendment Protects people from being held for committing a crime unless you have been correctly indicted by the police.
6th Amendment Gives the accused of a criminal case the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of the State.
7th Amendment Gives the accused of a civil case the right to a jury trial in certain civil cases.
8th Amendment Prohibits the government from imposing excessive bail, excessive fines, or cruel and unusual punishments.
10th Amendment Any power not given to the federal government is given to the States or the people.
13th Amendment No slavery or involuntary servitude shall exist within the United States.
14th Amendment All people born or naturalized in the United States are citizens of the United States and of the State they reside in.
15th Amendment The rights of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied by account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Pacific Railroad Act A series of acts of Congress that promoted the construction of a transcontinental railroad in the US.
Homestead Act An act that granted families land for a minimal fee and 5 years of continuous residence on that land.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 An act that prohibited all immigration of Chinese laborers.
Munn vs. Illinois A United States Supreme Court case in which the Court upheld the power of government to regulate private industries.
Dawes Act An act that granted land to individual Native Americans in hopes of assimilating them to become like white Americans.
Interstate Commerce Act A federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, specifically it’s monopolistic practices.
Sherman Antitrust Act An antitrust law to regulate competition among enterprises and outlawed monopolistic business practices.
16th Amendment Congress shall have the power to collect income taxes from all Americans.
17th Amendment The US Senate shall be composed of two elected Senators from each state who will have one vote.
18th Amendment An amendment that prohibited “intoxicating liquors” from America until 21 years of age.
19th Amendment The right of citizens to vote shall not be denied because of their sex.
Pendleton Act Enacted in 1883, this Act gave positions in the federal government to people who were worthy and skilled enough, not for political affiliations.
Pure Food and Drug Act A law to prohibited harmful or misrepresented food from the market.u
Clayton Antitrust Act An act further fight against the trust system and end competition in American companies.
Open Door Policy A US policy that allows open trade to all countries in China, but they didn’t ask China if that was ok.
Roosevelt Corollary An addition to the Monroe Doctrine that President Roosevelt created stating that America has the right to send military forces to Latin countries to stop European countries from coming in.
Executive Order 9066 An order given by the president to remove all Japanese Americans to camps.
Federal Reserve Act of 1913 An act by Congress to create the federal reserve bank, the central banking system of America.
Selective Service Act Authorized the United States to create a national army through conscription. (The draft)
Social Security Act An act that established a welfare by a system of old age benefits.
Agricultural Adjustment Act An act established in the New Deal to increase agriculture prices by reducing surpluses.
Plessy v. Ferguson A landmark Supreme Court decision that upheld the constitutionality of segregation.
Schenck v. United States A landmark Supreme Court decision that defended the Espionage Act against Schenck, who posted posters convincing people to fight the draft.
Scopes Trial A trial against a high school substitute teacher, John T. Scopes, that he tried to teach kids the Theory of Evolution, which went against Tennessee’s Butler Law.
Sacco and Vanzetti Trials Trials against falsely accused Italian men for murder that led to their execution.
The New Deal A series of programs, public work projects and regulations started by FDR to help the United States out of the Great Depression.
Cash and Carry A United States policy to allow the selling of arms to other countries as long as they paid immediately.
Lend-Lease A United States policy where Allied countries like Britain and the Soviet Union could use US military weapons without immediate compensation.
American Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 Granted citizenship to Native Americans born in the US.
21st Amendment Repealed the 18th Amendment of the Constitution that prohibited alcohol.
22nd Amendment No person shall be elected President more than twice.
24th Amendment Prohibited the poll tax to vote in an election.
26th Amendment Made the voting age 18 years old.
Marshall Plan An initiative that gave $12 billion to help rebuild Western Europe.
Truman Doctrine An American foreign policy to counter any Soviet geopolitical expansion to other countries.
War Powers Act Intended to check the power or the President.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution Authorized President Johnson to take any measures to make peace with the Southwest Asian region.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 An act that outlawed discrimination based on race, sex and religion.
Voting Rights Act of 1965 Prohibited racial discrimination in voting.
Equal Rights Amendment a proposed amendment that civil rights can’t be denied based on sex.
USA PATRIOT Act An act that granted greater to intercepting communications after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
SALT I and SALT II A treaty between the US and the Soviet Union promising to stop building nuclear ballistic missiles. (Strategic Arms Limitations Race)
Title IX (“Title Nine”) A federal civil rights act that prohibited exclusion or discrimination from education programs that are funded by federal financial assistance.
NAFTA An agreement between North American countries like the US, Mexico and Canada to remove barriers between trade the three countries.
GI Bill A bill that provided benefits to veterans returning from World War II.
Created by: KacenG