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Everything Else

US History

TermDefinition
Liberty the state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one's way of life, behavior, or political views.
egalitarianism relating to or believing in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities
individualism the habit or principle of being independent and self-reliant.
Populism political approach that strives to appeal to ordinary people who feel that their concerns are disregarded by established elite groups.
Laissez-faire policy or attitude of letting things take their own course, without interfering.
Assimilate the process of taking in and fully understanding information or ideas.
Americanization the action of making a person or thing American in character or nationality.
robber barons person who has become rich through ruthless and unscrupulous business practices
Captains of industry a business leader whose means of amassing a personal fortune contributed positively to the country in some way.
Philanthropy goodwill to fellow members of the human race
Monopoly a company or group having exclusive control over a commodity or service.
Economics the branch of knowledge concerned with the production, consumption, and transfer of wealth.
Entrepreneurship activity of setting up a business or businesses, taking on financial risks in the hope of profit
Trusts a centuries-old legal arrangement whereby one party conveys legal possession and title of certain property to a second party, called a trustee.
Social Darwinism the theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals
Nativist relating to or supporting the policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.
Social Gospel Christian faith practiced as a call not just to personal conversion but to social reform
Ethnically homogeneous made up of the same kind of people or things
Political boss/Political machine person who wields the power over a particular political region or constituency
Infrastructure the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities
Urban in, relating to, or characteristic of a town or city.
Rural in, relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than the town.
Political corruption the use of powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain
Segregation the action or state of setting someone or something apart from other people or things or being set apart.
Industrialization the development of industries in a country or region on a wide scale.
Labor union organized association of workers, often in a trade or profession, formed to protect and further their rights and interests
Entrepreneur person who organizes and operates a business or businesses, taking on greater than normal financial risks in order to do so.
Free Enterprise economic system in which private business operates in competition and largely free of state control.
Inflation a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money
Isolationism remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of other countries.
Interventionalism favoring intervention, especially by a government in its domestic economy or by one country in the affairs of another.
Temperance abstinence from alcoholic drink.
Civil service permanent professional branches of a government's administration, excluding military and judicial branches and elected politicians
Reform make changes in (something, typically a social, political, or economic institution or practice) in order to improve it.
Suffrage the right to vote in political elections.
Settlement House institution in an inner-city area providing educational, recreational, and other social services to the community.
Conservation prevention of wasteful use of a resource.
The Jungle 1904 novel written by the American journalist and novelist Upton Sinclair
Initiative process that enables citizens to bypass their state legislature by placing proposed statutes
Referendum a measure that's referred (that is, sent on) to the people.
Recall procedure by which, in certain polities, voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote
Muckraker a character who digs about in the mud but fails to notice the bright skies overhead
Imperialism type of government that seeks to increase its size, either by forcing (through war) or influencing (through politics) other countries to submit to their rule.
Anti-Imperialism usually by nationalist movements who want to secede from a larger polity (usually in the form of an empire,
Anglo-Saxonism a loose assembly of cultural assumptions that influenced Anglo-American political and intellectual life in varying ways
Yellow Journalism a style of newspaper reporting that emphasized sensationalism over facts
Expansionism a policy of expansion, as of territory or currency
Manifest Destiny the destiny of the U.S. to expand its territory over the whole of North America
Foreign policy General objectives that guide the activities and relationships of one state in its interactions with other states
Big Stick Policy asserted U.S. domination when such dominance was considered the moral imperative
Dollar Diplomacy policy intended to increase American influence abroad by guaranteeing loans made by American banks to foreign countries.
Panama Canal a canal across the Isthmus of Panama, linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
Fourteen Points statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I
Treaty of Versailles a document signed between Germany and the Allied Powers following World War I that officially ended that war.
Eugenics study of or belief in the possibility of improving the qualities of the human species or a human population,
War bonds debt securities issued by a government to finance military operations and other expenditure in times of war
Victory gardens gardens planted both at private residences and on public land during World War I and World War II to reduce the pressure on the public food supply
Tin Pan Alley name given to the collection of New York City music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States
Zimmerman Telegram a message from the German foreign secretary, Arthur Zimmermann, to the German ambassador
Island hopping military strategy employed by the Allies in the Pacific War against Japan and the Axis powers during World War II.
Embargo an order of a government prohibiting the departure of commercial ships from its ports
Manhattan Project code name for the effort to develop atomic bombs (see also atomic bomb) for the United States during World War II.
Internment camps putting a person in prison or other kind of detention, generally in wartime.
Propaganda the spreading of information in support of a cause
Rationing a fixed allowance of provisions or food, especially for soldiers or sailors
Speakeasy blind pig or blind tiger, is an illicit establishment that sells alcoholic beverages
Immigration quotas limited the number of immigrants allowed entry into the United States through a national origins quota
Buying on margin the purchase of an asset by using leverage and borrowing the balance from a bank or broker.
Hoovervilles a shanty town built during the Great Depression by the homeless in the United States of America.
Court packing a legislative initiative proposed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to add more justices to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Created by: Prince Pathak