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Court and Leg

TermDefinition
U. S. Constitution Founding document of the United States
Bill of Rights the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship
1st Amendment rights include freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech.
2nd Amendment Right to bear arms
4th Amendment No search and seizure
5th Amendment I plead the fifth
6th Amendment right to a lawyer, the right to an impartial jury
7th Amendment tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law
8th Amendment meant to safeguard Americans against excessive punishments
9th Amendment the rights of the people are not limited to just the rights listed in the Constitution
10th Amendment balance of power between the federal government and the states
11th Amendment “Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State“ US Constitution
12th Amendment provides the procedure for electing the President and Vice President
13th Amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime
14th Amendment defining national citizenship and forbidding the states to restrict the basic rights of citizens or other persons
15th Amendment “right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude“ US Consti
16th amendment The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
17 amendment Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.
18th amendment manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
19th amendment The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
Pendleton act United States federal law enacted in 1883 that mandated that positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation.
Interstate Commerce act designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices. The Act required that railroad rates be "reasonable and just," but did not empower the government to fix specific rates.
Pure food and drug act 1906 was the first of a series of significant consumer protection laws which was enacted by Congress in the 20th century and led to the creation of the Food and Drug Administration.
Clayton Antitrust act was a part of United States antitrust law with the goal of adding further substance to the U.S. antitrust law regime; the Clayton Act sought to prevent anticompetitive practices in their incipiency.
Open door policy established in the late 19th century and the early 20th century that would allow for a system of trade in China open to all countries equally.
Roosevelt Corollary addition to the Monroe Doctrine articulated by President Theodore Roosevelt in his State of the Union address in 1904 after the Venezuela Crisis of 1902–03.
Pacific Railroad Act transcontinental railroad" in the United States through authorizing the issuance of government bonds and the grants of land to railroad companies.
Homestead Act encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land. In exchange, homesteaders paid a small filing fee and were required to complete five years of continuous residence before receiving ownership of the land.
Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers.
Mann v. Illinois United States Supreme Court case in which the Court upheld the power of state governments to regulate private industries that affect "the common good"
Dawes Act Native American tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Native Americans. Those who accepted allotments and lived separately from the tribe would be granted United States citizenship
Interstate Commerce Act Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 is a United States federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices.
Sherman Antitrust Act United States antitrust law that was passed by Congress under the presidency of Benjamin Harrison, which regulates competition among enterprises
Executive Order 9066 presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942.
Federal Reserve Act of 1913 The law created the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States.
Selective Service Act authorized the United States federal government to raise a national army for service in World War I through conscription.
Social Security Act The law created the Social Security program, establishing a basic right to a pension in old age, as well as insurance against unemployment.
35. Agricultural Adjustment Act The Act created a new agency, the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, to oversee the distribution of the subsidies
37. Schenck v. United States was a landmark United States Supreme Court case concerning enforcement of the Espionage Act of 1917 during World War I.
39. Sacco and Vanzetti Trials Italian-born American anarchists who were controversially convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during the April 15, 1920 armed robbery of the Slater and Morrill Shoe Company in Braintree, Massachusetts, United States.
41. Cash and Carry which goods are sold from a wholesale warehouse operated either on a self-service basis or on the basis of samples or a combination of the two.
42. Lend-Lease An Act to Promote the Defense of the United States, was an American program to defeat Germany, Japan and Italy by distributing food, oil, and materiel between 1941 and August 1945
36. Plessy v. Ferguson was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court issued in 1896. It upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality
38. Scopes Trial formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was an American legal case in July 1925 in which a substitute high .
40. The New Deal a. TVA b. WPA c. CCC series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms, and regulations enacted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the United States between 1933 and 1936. It responded to needs for relief, reform, and recovery from the Great Depression.
Created by: sydney.russell