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Key Legislation

TermDefinition
15 Amendment Gave African American the right to vote
Pacific Railroad Act A series of acts of Congress that promoted the construction of a "transcontinental railroad" in the United States through authorizing the issuance of government bonds and the grants of land to railroad companies.
Homestead Act Encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land. In exchange, homesteaders paid a small filing fee and were required to complete five years of continuous residence before receiving ownership of the land.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 Banned all Chinese from immigrating into the US
Munn v. Illinois A US Supreme Court case that said the Court upheld the power of government to regulate private industries. Cant make women work too many house. Women are supposed to make babies
Daws Act Gave land to Native American for free as long as they cultivated it in the next 25 years.
Interstate Commerce Act United States federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices
Sherman Antitrust Act United States antitrust law that was passed by Congress under the presidency of Benjamin Harrison, which regulates competition among enterprises. Gets used against labor unions
U.S. constitution is the supreme law of the United States. The Constitution, originally comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of government
Bill of rights The first 10 amendments to the Constitution, list specific prohibitions on governmental power, in response to calls from several states for greater constitutional protection for individual liberties.
1st Amendment an amendment to the US Constitution that prohibits any law limiting freedom with respect to religion, expression, peaceful assembly, or the right of citizens to petition the government.
2nd Amendment protects the right of the people to keep and bear arms and was adopted on December 15, 1791 as part of the Bill of Rights
4th Amendment It prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures.
5th Amendment an amendment to the US Constitution that contains a number of provisions relating to criminal law, including guarantees of due process and of the right to refuse to answer questions in order to avoid incriminating oneself.
6th Amendment guarantees the rights of criminal defendants, including the right to a public trial without unnecessary delay, the right to a lawyer, the right to an impartial jury, and the right to know who your accusers are and the nature of the charges and evidence ag
7th Amendment This amendment codifies the right to a jury trial in certain civil cases and inhibits courts from overturning a jury's findings of fact.
8th Amendment section of the Bill of Rights that states that that punishments must be fair, cannot be cruel, and that fines that are extraordinarily large cannot be set.
13th Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. Frees slaves
10th Amendment was included in the Bill of Rights to further define the balance of power between the federal government and the states. The amendment says that the federal government has only those powers specifically granted by the Constitution.
14th Amendment the Constitution was ratified on July 9, 1868, and granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed. Makes them citizens
16th Amendment Congers will have the power to link collect taxes on incomes. Levy an income tax
17th Amendment Established the popular election of United States senators by the people of the states. Try’s to make the country more democratic
18th Amendment This banned the sell and drinking of alcohol in the United States
19th Amendment Gave men and women equal voting rights
Pendleton Act Mandated that positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation
Interstate Commerce act This required railroad rates to be reasonable and just
Pure food and drug act Made to prevent the manufacture, sell, or transportation of adulterated or misbranded or poisonous or deleterious food, drugs, medicines, and liquors
Clayton antitrust act This act provides for the clarification and substance to the Sherman antitrust act, it focuses on topics such as price discrimination and price-fixing. Can’t be used against labor unions
Open door policy This stated that multiple countries would have equal access to Chinese trade
Roosevelt corollary This justified American intervention throughout the western hemisphere
Great Depression a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
World War I began in 1914, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until 1918
World War II a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945
Battle of Argonne Forest was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front.
The First Red Scare (1920s) DescriptionMcCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence.
Battle of Midway decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II that took place between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor
Bataan Death March was when the Japanese forced 76,000 captured Allied soldiers (Filipinos and Americans) to march about 80 miles across the Bataan Peninsula.
Invasion of Normandy aka D Day or Operation Overlord DescriptionThe Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France
Harlem Renaissance accomplished by creating extraordinary works of art and literature that showed the strength, resilience and intelligence of the African American people.
Sinking of the Lusitania Germany declared the seas around Great Britain a war zone subject to submarine warfare and that allied ships in the area would be sunk without warning.
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Japanese Navy attacked the United States Naval base at Pearl Harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii
Dust Bowl period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the 1930s;
Klondike Gold Rush In late summer of 1896, a placer deposit of gold was found on Rabbit Creek, a tributary of the Klondike River in Canada. That discovery was the start of one of the biggest Gold Rushes in the history of the North American
Created by: Chloescoates