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Legislation & Court

US History

TermDefinition
U.S Constitution document that embodies the fundamental laws and principles by which the United States is governed.
Bill of Rights the first ten amendments to the US Constitution
1st Amendment prohibits any law limiting freedom with respect to religion, expression, peaceful assembly, or the right of citizens to petition the government
2nd Amendment Right to bear arms
4th Amendment protects against unreasonable searches and seizures
5th Amendment no person may be compelled to testify against himself and that no person may be tried for a second time on a charge for which he has already been acquitted
6th Amendment guarantees a citizen a speedy trial, a fair jury, an attorney if the accused person wants one
7th Amendment Trial by jury
8th Amendment No cruel or unusual punishments
10 Amendment power that is not given to the federal government is given to the people or the states.
13th Amendment Abolished Slavery in the United States
14th Amendment Gave former slaves citizenships, and equal protection of the laws.
15th Amendment Gave former slaves the right to vote.
Pacific Railroad Act series of acts of Congress that promoted the construction of a "transcontinental railroad"
Homestead Act Signed document by Abe. Lincoln which brought immigrants to the west to claim free land for homesteading.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 banned the immigration of unskilled laborers from China
Munn v. Illinois The Munn case allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders including railroads and is commonly regarded as a milestone in the growth of federal government regulation
Interstate Commerce Act federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices
Dawes Act Indian tribal land divided it into allotments for individual Indians
Sherman Antitrust Act prohibits every contract, combination or conspiracy between two or more companies which exerts an unreasonable restraint on trade or commerce.
16th Amendment allows the federal (United States) government to levy (collect) an income tax from all Americans
17th Amendment gives voters the power to directly elect their senators.
18th Amendment banned the sale and drinking of alcohol in the United States.
19 Amendment provides men and women with equal voting rights.
Pendleton Act passed to regulate and improve the civil service of the United States
Interstate Commerce Act designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices
Pure Food and Drug Act significant consumer protection laws which was enacted by Congress in the 20th century
Clayton Antitrust Act federal law passed during the era of the Progressive Movement to protect trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies
Open Door policy open communication, feedback, and discussion about any matter of importance to an employee.
Roosevelt Corollary an addition to the Monroe Doctrine articulated by President Theodore Roosevelt in his State of the Union after the Venezuela Crisis
Executive Order 9066 ordered the removal of resident enemy aliens from parts of the West vaguely identified as military areas.
Federal Reserve Act of 1913 Congress to provide the nation with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system.
Selective Service Act authorized the United States federal government to raise a national army for service in World War I through conscription.
Social Security Act enacted in 1935 to create a system of transfer payments in which younger, working people support older, retired people
Agricultural Adjustment Act a United States federal law of the New Deal era designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses.
Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court case from 1896 that upheld the rights of states to pass laws allowing or even requiring racial segregation in public and private institutions
Schenck v. United States a landmark United States Supreme Court case concerning enforcement of the Espionage Act of 1917 during World War I.
Scopes Trial American legal case in July 1925 in which a substitute high school teacher, John T. Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act,
Sacco and Vanzetti Trials were convicted of a robbery and two murders in Massachusetts in the early 1920s and sentenced to death
The New Deal TVA WPA CCC improve conditions for persons suffering in the Great Depression.
Cash and Carry It replaced the Neutrality Acts of 1936. ... However, the sale of war materials was not allowed.
Lend-Lease as the principal means for providing U.S. military aid to foreign nations during World War II.
Created by: Prince Pathak