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UNIT 6: 13 Colonies

QuestionAnswer
flat land near the coast; hills and mountains inland; Rocky soil made farming difficult. Coldest of the three regions because they were the farthest north. Cold winters reduced the spread of diseases. New England
warmest of the three regions; good soil and flat land; Colonies here were agricultural (farming). Longest growing season than in any other region. Hot summers often caused diseases such as malaria and yellow fever to spread. Southern
had rich, fertile soil and a mild climate which were ideal for farming; mostly flat land with some wide valleys and swift rivers Middle
Known as the "Bread Basket" colonies because so many colonists farmed wheat and other grains used for making bread; Many factories produced iron, paper, textiles, and cloth. Middle
Many plantations grew crops including sugar, rice, cotton, indigo, and tobacco. Crops were maintained by slave labor Southern
Economy was largely fishing and logging; Because this region did not have good farmland, these colonies had to import food and use their natural resources like cod, whales, and lumber to trade for supplies they needed. New England
Government leaders in these colonies were religious leaders and they outlawed religions different from their own. (They were not religiously tolerant.) New England
Many places here guaranteed religious tolerance and banned taxation without representation. Middle
The wealthy land owners of this region had most of the political power. (Only the very rich people held government positions.) Southern
This region was made up of many small towns and small farms. The Puritans that settled here were very religious and were not religiously tolerant of people who worshipped differently. New England
Colonists here came from many different European countries (not just England). Because of this, the culture here included a mix of many different traditions and religions Middle
Many wealthy land owners, slaves, and indentured servants lived here. The society was very economically diverse and unequal. Southern
What are the 4 New England colonies? Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut
What are the 5 Southern colonies? Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia
What are the 4 Middle colonies? Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania
What was the name of the person that founded Roanoke? Sir Walter Raleigh
What was the name of the first permanent English settlement in America? Jamestown
Roanoke and Jamestown were both located in which of the 13 colonies? Virginia
Virginia is located in which of the 3 regions? Southern
What group of people established the settlement at Plymouth? Pilgrims
What settlement did the Puritans establish? Massachusetts Bay Colony
Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay Colony were both located in which of the 13 colonies? Massachusetts
Massachusetts is located in which of the 3 regions? New England
What was the first of the 13 English colonies to be established? What year? Virginia , 1607
What was the last of the 13 English colonies to be established? What year? Georgia , 1733
Created by: pcsteacher5