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WWII

QuestionAnswer
Adolf Hitler Nazi German dictator who’s aggression would be the main cause for the outbreak of WWII.
Appeasement The policy of giving in to the demands of a potential enemy to prevent conflict
Neutrality Acts Laws enacted by congress to avoid being drawn into the war in Europe. Americans were prohibited from traveling on ships of nations at war and from selling arms to countries at war.
Flying Tigers A group of American volunteer fighter pilots who were used to send supplies to China and engage in combat with Japanese pilots.
Pearl Harbor Naval base in Hawaii that was the victim of a surprise attack by Japan in which almost 6000 Americans were killed or wounded, and many ships and planes were damaged or destroyed.
Rationing Regulation of the amount of goods, including food, coffee, tires, gasoline and clothing, that a consumer could obtain.
Victory Gardens Vegetable gardens that helped people in rural and urban neighborhoods grow their own food making more of the food raised by farmers available to suppling soldiers overseas.
Office of War Information An organization of the federal government that produced pro-Allied, anti-Axis propaganda
Tuskegee Airmen An African American fighter group tin the Air Corps. They provided escorts for pilots on bombing missions,
Executive Order 9066 Issued by FDR, this established Japanese internment camps, forcing Japanese Americans to live in primitive and crowded camps out of fear they might in engage in sabotage of American war efforts.
Korematsu v. U.S. The Supreme Court upheld the Japanese relocations to internment camps on the grounds that constitutional liberties may be limited in wartime.
George Patton Very successful US Army commander who lead US troops through Europe, capturing large numbers of enemy soldiers and freeing a vast territory.
Dwight Eisenhower A US General who lead the Allied troops in the invasion of five beaches on the coast of France on D-Day.
George Marshall was an American statesman and soldier. He rose through the United States Army to become Chief of Staff under presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, then served as Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense under Truman.
Vernon Baker African-American soldier awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor over 50 years later. He is a symbol of the selfless sacrifice an courage of African-American soldiers.
Omar Bradley A US General who led the first American army to land in France during WWII.
Holocaust The attempted genocide of the Jews during WWII.
Bataan Death March When the US and Filipino forces surrendered to the Japanese, the prisoners were forced to march 60 miles through the jungle where about 5,000 of the Americans died along the way.
Navajo Code Talkers These native Americans served in the war in the Pacific by using their unwritten language to be a code the Japanese could not break.
Battle of Midway Battle of Midway
Nuremberg Trials a series of trials held between 1945 and 1949 in which the Allies prosecuted German military leaders, political officials, industrialists, and financiers for crimes they had committed during World War II.
Douglas MacArthur General who commanded the US Army fighting in the Pacific; later was in charge of the US occupation of Japan.
Harry Truman President after FDR died; made the decision to use atomic bombs on Japan to end the war.
Hiroshima/Nagasaki Cities in Japan on which the US dropped atomic bombs. About 230,000 people were killed in these explosions.
Created by: s1585425