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3B-Washington & Adams (Foundation of American Political System)

Legislative Branch-Congress makes laws; inc. House of Reps & Senate
Executive Branch-President enforces laws
Judicial Branch interprets laws: US Supreme Ct & lower federal courts
US Congress US Senate & US House of Representatives
George Washington precedents inc. 2 terms & advice from Pres Cabinet
State Department presidential advisor for foreign affairs; first Sec of State Thomas Jefferson
Treasury Department presidential advisor for economic affairs; 1st Sec of Treas was Alexander Hamilton
War Department presidential advisor for defense; 1st Sec of War (Defense)-Henry Knox
Attorney General pres advisor for legal matters; 1st Attorney General-Edmund Randolph
Judiciary Act of 1789 established Federal District Courts & Circuit Courts of Appeal which are under the US Supreme Court
John Jay First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
Bill of Rights 1st 10 amendments of Constitution; protests rights of citizens
Assumption of Debt federal government paid off Rev War debt for all states; Southerners objected b/c they had already paid for their debts
Washington, D.C. new capital created from part of N. Virginia as compromise to get Southern states to agree to federal assumption
protective tariff tax on imported goods; encourages growth American industry
Whiskey Tax excise tax on whiskey; caused a rebellion in PA
Domestic Policy issues that happen within the US borders
Foreign Policy issues concerning US relationships with other countries
Battle of Fallen Timbers Defeat of Shawnee chief Blue Jacket after Native Americans demanded all settlers leave the Northwest Territory
French Revolution mob violence in France divided Americans over whether or not to support
British America's major trading partner in 1790's
France helped America win their independence from Britain
Proclamation of Neutrality prohibited American participation in fighting against France or Britain & barred their warships from American ports
impressment Americans angered over British kidnapping of merchant crewman, forcing them to work in the British Navy.
Jay's Treaty Britain agreed to leave from western territories & pay for damages to ships they had previously seized
precedents examples for others to follow
Washington's Farewell Address warned new nation against the danger of political parties & permanent alliances with other nations
Pinckney's Treaty Spain agreed to navigate the MISS river and use the port of New Orleans
Political Parties people who have similar ideas regarding US policies
alien immigrant who is not a citizen
sedition speak or write in a way that negatively criticizes the government
Alien & Sedition Acts unpoppular set of laws passed by John Adams and Federalists; meant to help US deal with issues involving France & Britain; were actually unconstitutional
Alexander Hamilton leader of Federalists & first Secretary of Treasury
Thomas Jefferson first Secretary of Defense and leader of Democratic-Republicans
James Madison Democratic-Republican that was Secretary of State under Jefferson
Federalists believed in a strong federal government that was led by wealthy/educated
Democratic-Republicans believed in strong state governments led by the common man
loose contructionist believes government can ONLY due what is specifically stated in Constitution
strict constructionist believes in use of "necessary and proper" clause to allow government to do more than is specifically stated in Constitution
Business owners in Northeast & Southern plantation owners usually supported the Federalists
Small Farmers, Common working people in cities usually supported the Democratic-Republicans
the political party made up of the former "Anti-Federalists" Democratic-Republicans
supported the French Revolutuion Democratic-Republicans
supported the British in their war with France Federalists
XYZ Affair France attempted to make US pay money in order to stop interfering with trade
KY & VA Resolutions stated Alien & Sedition Acts were unconstitutional & introduced States Rights' Theory
states rights theory stated federal government was limited in power & states could nullify a federal law they felt was unconstitutional
President Washington's foreign policy the US should remain neutral--don't chose sides when foreign countries are fighting
elastic clause modern term for the "necessary and proper" clause that allows Congress to make laws about issues not specifically stated in Constitution
Created by: SDMS-Swain