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Important Ppl & org.

QuestionAnswer
The Grange (in the US) a farmers' association organized in 1867. The Grange sponsors social activities, community service, and political lobbying.
Exodusters a name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century, as part of the Exoduster Movement or Exodus of 1879. It was the first general migration of blacks following the Civil War.
Andrew Carnegie Scottish-born American industrialist and philanthropist who was the leader of the American steel industry from 1873 to 1901.
John D. Rockefeller founder of the Standard Oil Company, became one of the world's wealthiest men and a major philanthropist.
Terence Powderly an American labor union leader, politician and attorney, a powerful advocate for the eight-hour day, best known as head of the Knights of Labor in the late 1880s.
Samuel Gompers an English-born, American labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history; he founded the American Federation of Labor.
Eugene Debs an American socialist, political activist, trade unionist, one of the founding members of the IWW, and five times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States. American railway union leader
Knights of Labor a secret organization whose professed purpose is to secure and maintain the rights of workingmen as respects their relations to their employers.
American Federation of Labor a national federation of labor unions in the United States founded in Columbus, Ohio, by an alliance of craft unions disaffected from the Knights of Labor. They organized skilled workers into national unions consisting of others in the same trade.
Populist party a U.S. political party formed in 1891 primarily to represent agrarian interests and to advocate the free coinage of silver and government control of monopolies.
Boss Tweed American politician who, with his “Tweed ring” cronies, systematically plundered New York City of sums estimated at between $30 million and $200 million.
Upton Sinclair an American novelist, essayist, playwright, and short-story writer, whose works reflect socialistic views.
Ida B. Wells an African-American investigative journalist, educator, and an early leader in the Civil Rights Movement. She was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Wants lynching
Susan B. Anthony a US teacher who was a leader of the campaign for women's right to vote. In 1869, she and Elizabeth Cady Stanton established the National Woman Suffrage Association. Wants women voting
WEB DuBois United States civil rights leader and political activist who campaigned for equality for Black Americans (1868-1963). Wants rights faster
William Jennings Bryan United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925). Democrat didn’t get President.
Theodore Roosevelt 26th President of the United States; hero of the Spanish-American War; Panama Canal was built during his administration.
Robert LaFollette U.S. leader of the Progressive Movement, who as governor of Wisconsin (1901–06) and U.S. senator (1906–25) was noted for his support of reform legislation. Focused on political corruption
Jacob Riis a Danish-American social reformer, "muckraking" journalist and social documentary photographer. Wrote “How the Other Half Lives.” Poverty, income disparity
Booker T. Washington An African-American educator of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, who headed Tuskegee Institute, a college for African-Americans in Alabama. Wants rights slowly, not against segregation.
Jane Addams known as the mother of social work, was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, public administrator, protestor, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace. First settlement house
Frances Willard an American educator, temperance reformer, and women's suffragist. Her influence continued in the next decades, as the Eighteenth (Prohibition, temperance) and Nineteenth (Women Suffrage) Amendments to the United States Constitution were adopted.
Henry Cabot Lodge an American Republican Senator and historian from Massachusetts. ... In the Senate, he sponsored the unsuccessful Lodge Bill, which sought to protect the voting rights of African Americans.
Alfred Thayer Mahan American naval officer and historian who was a highly influential exponent of sea power in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Sanford B. Dole
a lawyer and jurist in the Hawaiian Islands as a kingdom, protectorate, republic and territory. After the overthrow of the monarchy, he served as the President of the Republic of Hawaii until his government secured Hawaii's annexation by the US
NAACP
William Taft
Woodrow Wilson
John J. Pershing
American Expeditionary Force
Tuskegee Airmen
Flying Tigers
Navajo Code Talkers
Franklin Roosevelt
League of Nations
Clarence Darrow
KKK
Vernon Baker
Douglas MacArthur
Dwight Eisenhower WWI
Dwight Eisenhower President
Harry Truman
civil rights organization founded in 1909 to fight prejudice, lynching, and Jim Crow segregation, and to work for the betterment of "people of color." W. E.B. Dubois
27th president of the United States (1909–1913) and the tenth chief justice of the United States (1921–1930), the only person to have held both offices.
American statesman, lawyer, and academic who served as the 28th president of the United States from 1913 to 1921. He also led the United States during World War I, establishing an activist foreign policy known as "Wilsonianism."
senior United States Army officer. His most famous post was when he served as the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) on the Western Front in World War I, 1917–18.
the U.S. armed forces that were sent to fight in Europe during World War 1. It was the first time in the history of America that the U.S. sent troops abroad to help defend other countries. Dough boys
black servicemen of the U.S. Army Air Forces who trained at Army Air Field in Alabama during World War II. They constituted the first African American flying unit in the U.S. military.
the nickname of U.S. fighter pilots, the American Volunteer Group (AVG), who fought against the Japanese in China during World War II.
speakers specially recruited during World War II by the US Marine Corps to serve in their standard communications units of the Pacific theater.
an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
An international organization established after World War I under the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles. The forerunner of the United Nations, brought about much international cooperation on health, labor problems, refugee affairs. Woodrow Wilson
United States lawyer famous for his defense of lost causes
a number of secret, oath-bound organizations using violence, which included the Southern Cross in New Orleans (1865) and the Knights of the White Camelia (1867) in Louisiana.
a United States Army first lieutenant who was an infantry company platoon leader during World War II and a paratrooper during the Korean War.
an American general who commanded the Southwest Pacific in World War II (1939-1945), oversaw the successful Allied occupation of postwar Japan and led United Nations forces in the Korean War (1950-1953).
served as Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army from 1945–48. In 1950, he was named Supreme Commander of the (NATO), and given operational command of NATO forces in Europe. He wrote Crusade in Europe, one of the finest U.S. military memoirs.
obtained a truce in Korea and worked incessantly during his two terms (1953-1961) to ease the tensions of the Cold War.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt's vice president for just 82 days before Roosevelt died and Truman became the 33rd president. In his first months in office he dropped the atomic bomb on Japan, ending World War II.
Created by: claire_choate