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|A movement to provide social, cultural, and educational activities for its members. Even though they weren’t supposed to be political, they supported the railroad regulation and other measures.
|A group of about 6000 African Americans who left Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas in 1879 for freer lives as farmers or laborers in Kansas.
|Born in Scotland, Andrew Carnegie came to the United States in 1848 at age 12 settling near Pittsburgh. In 1872 Carnegie was wealthy and plunged into the Steele industry. He worked to make many railroads then in 1901 sold he sold his company.
|John D. Rockefeller
|Started the Standard Oil Company, triumphed over his competitors by marketing high quality products at the lowest cost. Developed trusts.
|Elected in 1879 as the Grand Master Workman, Terence Powderly did not like the Knights of Labor. He ended the secrecy of the order by aggressive recruitments.
|Born in 1850 Gompers was a child of the union movement. He participated in union activities and experimented with socialism and working-class politics. Unlike Powderly, Gompers assumed that most workers would remain workers throughout their lives.
|Was know for leading the American Railway Union into the Pullman Strike refusing to transport Pullman cars.
|Knights of Labor
|Founded in 1869, this labor organization pursued broad reform and practice issues such as improved wages and hours. The Knights welcomes all laborers regardless of race, gender, or skill
|American Federation of Labor
|A national federation of labor unions founded by Samuel Gompers
|A revolt by southern farmers against the democratic and Republican Party
|An American politician mostly known for being the boss of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine.
|An American writer who wrote nearly 100 books and other works in several genres.
|Ida B. Wells
|An African-American investigative journalist, educator, and an early leader in the Civil Rights Movement. Also, she’s a woman’s suffragist. Pushing for a federal anti-lynching law.
|Susan B. Anthony
|An American women's rights activist, devoted her life to racial, gender, and educational equality.
|William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-African, author, writer and editor.
|William Jennings Bryan
|An American orator and politician from Nebraska. Beginning in 1896, he emerged as a dominant force in the Democratic Party
|Known for his anti-monopoly policies and ecological conservationism, Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize for his part in ending the Russo-Japanese War.
|A lawyer and politician. He represented Wisconsin in both chambers of Congress and served as the Governor of Wisconsin.
|A Danish-American social reformer, "muckraking" journalist and social documentary photographer.
|Booker T. Washington
|An educator, author, orator, and adviser to presidents of the United States.
|Known prominently for her work as a social reformer, pacifist and feminist during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
|An American educator, reformer, and founder of the World Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (1883). An excellent speaker, a successful lobbyist, and an expert in pressure politics, she was a leader of the national Prohibition Party.
|Henry Cabot Lodge
|A member of the prominent Lodge family, he received his PhD in history from Harvard University.
|Alfred Thayer Mahan
|A lecturer in the 1890 naval history and the president of the United States Naval War College, published The Influence of Sea Power upon History.
|Sanford B. Dole
|A lawyer and jurist in the Hawaiian Islands as a kingdom, protectorate, republic and territory.
|A civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as a bi-racial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans by a group including W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington and Moorfield Storey.
|The 27th president of the United States and the tenth chief justice of the United States, the only person to have held both offices.
|an American statesman, lawyer, and academic who served as the 28th president of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
|John J. Pershing
|was a senior United States Army officer.
|American Expeditionary Force
|a generic name sometimes applied to a military force dispatched to fight in a foreign country. Notable early adaptations include World War I and World War II elements deployed in abundance to support global combat operations.
|was a group of African-American military pilots who fought in World War II.
|composed of pilots from the United States Army Air Corps, Navy, and Marine Corps, recruited under President Franklin Roosevelt's authority before Pearl Harbor and commanded by Claire Lee Chennault.
|Navajo Code Talkers
|was a person employed by the military during wartime to utilize a little-known language as a means of secret communication.
|was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
|League of Nations
|was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
|a leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, and a prominent advocate for Georgist economic reform.
|an American white supremacist hate group.
|a United States Army first lieutenant who was an infantry company platoon leader during World War II and a paratrooper during the Korean War.
|was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
|Dwight Eisenhower WWII and President
|was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th president of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
|was the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953, succeeding upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as vice president.
|HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee)
|was created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties.
|was a political organization founded in 1966 by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale to challenge police brutality against the African American community.
|Martin Luther King Jr.
|an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1955 until his assassination in 1968
|was an American Muslim minister and human rights activist who was a popular figure during the civil rights movement.
|SNCC (“Snick” Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee)
|was one of the key organizations in the American civil rights movement of the 1960s.
|CORE (Congress on Racial Equality)
|is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States that played a pivotal role for African Americans in the Civil Rights Movement.
|AIM (American Indian Movement)
|is an American Indian advocacy group organized to address issues related to sovereignty, leadership, and treaties. Particularly in its early years, AIM also protested racism and civil rights violations against Native Americans.
|UFW (United Farm Workers)
|founded by Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta, is the largest farm worker union in the United States. Through nonviolent tactics such as boycotts, pickets, and strikes
|was an American labor leader and civil rights activist who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association in 1962
|is an international alliance that consists of 29 member states from North America and Europe.
|NOW (National Organization for Women)
|is an American feminist organization founded in 1966.
|Sandra Day O’Connor
|a retired Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, who served from her appointment in 1981 by President Ronald Reagan until her retirement in 2006