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|Before 1880, Europeans controlled little of the African continent directly.
|1914, England made Egypt a protectorate.
|Between 1880 and 1900 almost the entire continent controlled by Europeans.
|British believed that they should also control the Sudan, south of Egypt, to protect their interests in Egypt and the Suez Canal.
|English and French colonies were established on the Western part of Africa as they funneled slaves west across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas.
|1898 British troops able to seize the Sudan.
|Egypt had been part of the Ottoman Empire,Egyptians sought their independence.
|French also had colonies in North Africa about 150,000 French people had settled in the region of Algeria,
|1805 Muhammad Ali seized power and established a separate Egyptian state.
|France imposed a protectorate on neighboring Tunisia 1912, France established a protectorate over Morocco
|Muhammad Ali introduced a series of reforms modernized the army, set up a public school system create industries textiles, munitions, and ships.
|1869, Suez canal connected the Mediterranean sea and Red sea letting them trade from Europe to Asia