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Civil Rights Vocab

Vocabulary for the Civil Rights Movement 5th Grade

TermDefinition
Jim Crow laws laws that were passed to segregate African Americans
Brown v. Board of Education (1954) Linda Brown had to travel a mile to black school when the white school was a lot closer, Supreme Court ruled it was illegal for schools to be segregated
Montgomery Bus Boycott protest where African Americans refused to ride the bus in Montgomery, Alabama (AL) until segregation of public transportation was outlawed, Martin Luther King, Jr. became a leader for civil rights during this time
March on Washington a peaceful demonstration against segregation, where Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his famous “I have a dream” speech.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 law that prohibited discrimination based on color, race, or religion in public places, desegregated schools and kept funding from schools that did not, and made it illegal to discriminate against people of all races and genders when applying for a job
Voting Rights Act of 1965 law that banned all literacy tests & poll taxes that kept many African Americans from voting (24 Amendment)
Thurgood Marshall he was the Browns’ lawyer in the Brown vs. Board of Education case, he was the first African American supreme court justice
Lyndon B. Johnson 36th president, he signed into law the Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act
Cesar Chavez Latin American civil rights activist who cofounded United Farm Workers union, led a nationwide boycott of grapes as a way of improving the rights and conditions of migrant workers
Rosa Parks an African American woman who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man, her action sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Martin Luther King, Jr. a Civil Rights leader who fought for equal rights for African Americans, he encouraged peaceful protesting, he was assassinated in 1968
John F. Kennedy 35th president, supporter of civil rights, he was assassinated in 1963
Robert Kennedy the younger brother to JFK, he was Senator running for president, he supported civil rights, he was assassinated in 1968
television most homes had at least one TV by the 1960s, it brought world news & events into American homes
Space Exploration also part of the “Space Race”, it was a race against the Soviet Union to explore space, the US put the first man on the moon in 1969 on board Apollo 11
National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA) the US space agency formed during the space race
Created by: bethjenkins