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Everything Else

TermDefinition
Liberty The state of being free from oppressive restrictions
Egalitarianism The idea that all people are equal and should have equal rights and equal opportunities
Individualism The practice of people being independent
Populism Appeals to ordinary people who feel that they are disregarded by the elite
Laissez-faire Policy that lets things be and people do their own thing
Assimilate Become absorbed and integrated into a society or culture.
Americanization The action of making a person or thing American in character or nationality.
Robber Barons A person who has become rich through ruthless and unscrupulous business practices
Capitanes of Industry A business leader whose means of amassing a personal fortune contributed positively to the country in some way. This may have been through increased productivity, expansion of markets, providing more jobs, or acts of philanthropy
Philanthropy The desire to promote the welfare of others, expressed especially by the generous donation of money to good causes.
Monopoly The exclusive possession or control of the supply of or trade in a commodity or service.
Economics The social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Entrepreneurship The process of designing, launching and running a new business, which is often initially a small business.
Trusts A three-party fiduciary relationship in which the first party, the trustor or settlor, transfers a property upon the second party for the benefit of the third party, the beneficiary. A testamentary trust is created by a will and arises after the death of
Social Darwinism The theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals. was used to justify political conservatism, imperialism, and racism and to discourage intervention and reform.
Nativist relating to or supporting the policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.
Social Gospel Christian faith practiced as a call not just to personal conversion but to social reform.
Ethnically Homogenous Everyone in the area or group has a similar ethnic background it people all come from ancestry, there is not large variety of cultures.
Political boss/ Political A leader in a political party who controls votes and dictates appointments.
Machine An apparatus using or applying mechanical power and having several parts, each with a definite function and together performing a particular task.
Infrastructure The basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g. buildings, roads, power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise.
Urban City/ industrialized/ manufacturing community
Rural Country/ agrarian community
Political corruption The use of powers by government officials or their network contacts for illegitimate private gain. An illegal act by an officeholder constitutes political corruption only if the act is directly related to their official duties, is done under color of law
Segregation The enforced separation of different racial groups in a country, community, or establishment.
Industrialization the development of industries in a country or region on a wide scale.
Labor Union An organized association of workers, often in a trade or profession, formed to protect and further their rights and interests.
Entrepreneur A person who organizes and operates a business or businesses, taking on greater than normal financial risks in order to do so.
Free Enterprise An economic system in which private business operates in competition and largely free of state control.
Inflation A general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
Isolationism a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of other countries.
Interventionism he theory or practice of intervening specifically : governmental interference in economic affairs at home or in political affairs of another country.
Temperance abstinence from alcoholic drink.
Civil Service the permanent professional branches of a government's administration, excluding military and judicial branches and elected politicians.
Reform make changes in (something, typically a social, political, or economic institution or practice) in order to improve it.
Suffrage the right to vote in political elections.
Settlement House an institution in an inner-city area providing educational, recreational, and other social services to the community.
Conservation conservation of human rights.
The Jungle The Jungle is a novel written in 1904 by the American journalist and novelist Upton Sinclair (1878–1968). ... His primary purpose in describing the meat industry and its working conditions was to advance socialism in the United States.
Initiative the power or opportunity to act or take charge before others do.
Referendum a general vote by the electorate on a single political question which has been referred to them for a direct decision.
Recall officially order (someone) to return to a place or bring (a fact, event, or situation) back into one's mind; remember.
Muckraker A person who intentionally seeks out and publishes the misdeeds, such as criminal acts or corruption, of a public individual for profit or gain. Sometimes this information is linked to powerful businessmen, often applied specifically to journalists.
Imperialism a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
Anti-Imperialism a term used in a variety of contexts, usually by nationalist movements who want to secede from a larger polity (usually in the form of an empire, but also in a multi-ethnic sovereign state) or as a specific theory opposed to capitalism
Anglo-Saxonism the belief in the superiority of Anglo-Saxon characteristics or of the Anglo-Saxon people.
Yellow Journalism journalism that is based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration, used during the Spanish American War
Expansionism the policy of territorial or economic expansion.
Manifest Destiny the 19th-century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable.
Foreign Policy a government's strategy in dealing with other nations.
Big Stick Policy refers to U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policy: "speak softly and carry a big stick, you will go far."
Dollar Diplomacy the use of a country's financial power to extend its international influence.
Panama Canal an artificial 82 km (51 mi) waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
Fourteen Points a statement/ speech of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations to end WWI. Written by Woodrow Wilson.
Treaty of Versailles The most important of the peace treaties that ended WWI.
Eugenics The science of improving a human population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics. Ex: Hitler purging the population of Jews and believing in the Aryan race
War Bonds Debt securities issued by a government to finance military operations in times of war. Last time they were used was in WWII.
Victory Gardens veggie, fruit, and herb gardens planted at private residences and public parks in U.S., U.K., Canada, Australia, and Germany during WWI and WWII.
Tin Pan Alley New York City music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the U.S. in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Zimmerman Telegram proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in which Mexico would reclaim Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico if the U.S. entered WWI. Was discovered, and served as another reason for the US to enter the war.
Island Hopping military strategy. U.S. forces only concentrate their resources and setting up military forces/ supplies on strategically important islands.
Embargo After Hitler invaded Russia in June 1941, Japan moved into southern Indochina. FDR ordered all Japanese assets frozen. But FDR did not want to cut off oil. As he told his Cabinet on July 18, an embargo meant war, for that would force oil
Manhattan Project a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons. It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada.
Internment Camps The internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II was the forced relocation and incarceration in concentration camps in the western interior of the country of between 110,000 and 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry, most of who
Propaganda World War I was the first war in which mass media and propaganda played a significant role in keeping the people at home informed about what was occurring on the battlefields and to shape international opinions of the opposing countries
Rationing Used both during WWI and WWII due to lack of supplies for population and soldiers. Ration cards were used that allowed each house only a certain number of essential food items per week.
Speakeasy secret establishments where alcohol was sold illegally to patrons during the Prohibition in the Roaring 20’s
Immigration Quotas The Immigration Act of 1924 limited the number of immigrants allowed entry into the United States through a national origins quota. The quota provided immigration visas to two percent of the total number of people of each nationality in the United States
Buying on Margin borrowing money from a broker to purchase stock. Significant factor in the cause of the Great Depression due to inadequate collateral for the loans and the general lack of funds.
Hoovervilles a shantytown built by unemployed and destitute people during the Depression of the early 1930s. Named after Herbert Hoover, who was President at the time of the Great Depression
Court Packing The Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937 was a legislative initiative proposed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to add more justices to the U.S. Supreme Court. Roosevelt's purpose was to obtain favorable rulings regarding New Deal legislation th
Created by: Allee Mainord