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Major Events

TermDefinition
Battle of the Little Bighorn June 25, 1876. Troops led by Custer vs. a band of Lakota Sioux & Cheyenne warriors. Custer was Saenz to confront several tribes who had missed the deadline to move to the reservation, but greatly underestimated their #s, & was quickly overwhelmed.
Wounded Knee Massacre Troops of the 7th Calvary under order to stop the Ghost Dance religion among the Sioux too Chief Big Foot and his followers to a camp on Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. They’re not sure who shot first, but 200 Native Americans were killed.
Railroad Strike of 1877 Started in Martinsburg, WV, in response to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad cutting wages of workers for the 3rd time in a year. Striking workers wouldn’t allow any trains, mainly freight trains to roll out until this 3rd wage cut was revoked.
Haymarket Riot, 1886 Workers had been campaigning for an 8 hr work day. Evening after two strikers had been killed by police, about 3,000 attended a peaceful meeting in HM Square. After police ordered dispersal, a bomb was thrown, killed 1 P.O. & 6 others. P.O. Killed 4 ppl
Homestead Strike, 1892 Wage cutting @ Carnegie’s Homestead Steel Plant in Pittsburgh provoked a violent strike in which 3 company-hired detectives and 10 workers died. Using ruthless force and strike breakers, company officials broke the strike and destroyed the union.
Pullman Strike, 1894 Many of the Pullman factory workers joined the American Railway Union (ARU), led by Eugene V. Debs, which supported their strike by launching a boycott in which ARU members refused to run trains containing Pullman cars. 5/11-7/20.
Gilded Age Associated w/ enormous expansion of American industry, manufacturing, and the growth of the factory system. It was also the moment when it became increasingly large numbers of Americans would be wage laborers for life.
Boxer Rebellion Boxer Rebellion, officially supported peasant uprising of 1900 that attempted to drive all foreigners from China. “Boxers” was a name that foreigners gave to a Chinese secret society known as the Yihequan (“Righteous and Harmonious Fists”).
Spanish American War A war between Spain and the United States, fought in 1898. The war began as an intervention by the United States on behalf of Cuba. ... The United States acquired Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines in the war and gained temporary control over Cuba.
Prohibition the prevention by law of the manufacture and sale of alcohol, especially in the US between 1920 and 1933.
Great Depression severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the U.S. following the stock market crash of ‘29.
WW I began after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Central Powers vs. Allied powers. Downfall of Germany, which made Hitler angry.
WW II 1939:1945. Allies vs Axis powers. Main causes were Italian fascism, Japanese militarism, and Nazi takeover with its aggressive foreign policies (Holocaust).
Battle of Argonne Forest Sept. 26: Nov. 11, 1918. WWI. Pushed back the German forces on the Western front until they were back to their original position
The First Red Scare (1920’s) widespread fear of Bolshevism and anarchism due to real and imagined events. Many feared recent immigrants, particularly those who embraced the communist, socialist, or anarchist ideology.
Battle of Midway naval battle in WWII (June 4~7, 1942) that took place six months after Pearl Harbor. U.S. defeated a Japanese attack, making it a turning point in the war in the Pacific theater.
Bataan Death March WWII. The forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese army of 60~80 thousand American and Filipino prisoners of war from the Bataan Peninsula to prison camps.
Invasion of Normandy (dday/ operation overlord) The Allied forces invaded northern France by landing on the beach in Normandy and were victorious, making this a huge turning point in the war.
Harlem Renaissance Cultural movement in the U.S. in which white America began to recognize the intellectual contributions of the African American people, and they were integrated. This also helped to set the stage for the Civil Rights movement.
Sinking of the Lusitania WWI. Germany torpedoed the British liner RMS Lusitania, killing several Americans, and thereby speeding up the process of the U.S. joining WWI.
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service attacked the U.S. at the naval base at Pearl Harbor. This caused the U.S. to declare war on Japan and officially join WWI.
Drought drought and unsuitable farming practices caused a great loss in vegetation, greatly damaging the agriculture of American and Canadian prairies.
Klondike Gold Rush Around 100,000 prospectors migrated to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north_western Canada in the late summer of 1896.
Created by: Allee Mainord