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People & Orgztns.

The Grange Goal was to relieve the drabness of farm life by providing a social, educational, and cultural outlet for its members.
Exodusters A group of about 6000 African Americans who left Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas in 1879. They were in search of freer lives as farmers or laborers.
Andrew Carnegie Led the expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century. One of the richest people in history.
J.D. Rockefeller Built an empire in the oil field, considered the wealthiest American of all time.
Terrence Powderly American labor union leader, head of the Knights of Labor in the late 1880s.
Samuel Gompers Founded the American Federation of Labor, served as the organization’s president from 1886-1924.
Eugene Debs One of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World
Knights of Labor The first important national labor organization in the U.S., founded in 1869, pursued broad reform and practical issues such as improved wages and hours. Welcomed all laborers regardless of race, gender, or skill.
American Federation of Labor Founded by Samuel Gompers in 1886. Organized skilled workers by craft and pursued specific practical objectives such as higher wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions. The AFL avoided politics and excluded women and blacks.
Populist Party Originated in the early 1890s in Kansas, but quickly spread across the U.S. Consisted mostly of farmers who were unhappy with the Republican and Democratic Parties. Believed that the fed. Govt. needed to regulate business and b more active in economy.
Boss Tweed "William Marcy Tweed" (see below), and widely known as "Boss" Tweed – was an American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in the politics of 19th century New York.
Upton Sinclair United States writer whose novels argued for social reform
Ida B. Wells African-American investigative journalist, educator, and an early leader in the Civil Rights Movement. She was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
Susan B. Anthony A US teacher who was a leader of the campaign for women's right to vote. In 1869, she and Elizabeth Cady Stanton established the National Woman Suffrage Association.
WEB DuBois United States civil rights leader and political activist who campaigned for equality for Black Americans (1868-1963)
William Jennings Bryan United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)
Theodore Roosevelt 26th President of the United States; hero of the Spanish-American War; Panama Canal was built during his administration
Robert LaFollette American lawyer and politician. He represented Wisconsin in both chambers of Congress and served as the Governor of Wisconsin.
Jacob Riis a Danish-American social reformer, "muckraking" journalist and social documentary photographer.
Booker T. Washington An African-American educator of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, who headed Tuskegee Institute, a college for African-Americans in Alabama.
Jane Addams known as the mother of social work, was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, public administrator, protester, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace.
Frances Willard An American educator, temperance reformer, and women's suffragist. ... Her influence continued in the next decades, as the Eighteenth (Prohibition) and Nineteenth (Women Suffrage) Amendments to the United States Constitution were adopted.
Henry Cabot Lodge an American Republican Senator and historian from Massachusetts. A member of the prominent Lodge family, he received his PhD in history from Harvard University.
Alfred Thayer Mahan a United States naval officer and historian, whom John Keegan called "the most important American strategist of the nineteenth century."
Sanford B. Dole lawyer and jurist in the Hawaiian Islands as a kingdom, protectorate, republic and territory. After the overthrow of the monarchy, he served as the President of the Republic of Hawaii until his government secured Hawaii's annexation by the United States.
NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as a bi-racial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans by a group including W. E. B. Du Bois,
William Taft was the 27th president of the United States and the tenth chief justice of the United States, the only person to have held both offices.
Woodrow Wilson 28th U.S. president, led America through World War I and crafted the Versailles Treaty's "Fourteen Points," the last of which was creating a League of Nations to ensure world peace.
John J. Pershing a senior United States Army officer. His most famous post was when he served as the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces on the Western Front in World War I, 1917–18
American Expeditionary Forces On Sept. 12, 1918, the AEF launched their first major offensive in Europe as an independent army. Their successful campaign was a major turning point in the war for the Allies. Ultimately, U.S. forces helped to defeat Germany earlier than expected.
Tuskegee Airmen a group of African-American military pilots who fought in World War II. They formed the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces.
Flying Tigers The 1st American Volunteer Group of the Chinese Air Force in 1941–1942, was composed of pilots from the U.S. Army, Navy, and Marines, recruited under President Roosevelt's authority before Pearl Harbor and commanded by Claire Lee Chennault.
Navajo Code Talkers bilingual Navajo speakers specially recruited during World War II by the US Marine Corps to serve in their standard communications units of the Pacific theater.Code talking, however, was pioneered by the Cherokee and Choctaw peoples during World War I.
Franklin Roosevelt the 32nd American president. Led the United States through the Great Depression and World War II, and greatly expanding the powers of the federal government through a series of programs and reforms known as the New Deal
League of Nations an intergovernmental organization founded on 10 Jan. 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War. It was the first worldwide intergovernmental organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace
Clarence Darrow an American lawyer, a leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, and a prominent advocate for Georgist economic reform.
KKK American white supremacist hate group, has existed in 3 distinct eras during the history of the United States. burning crosses and staging rallies, parades and marches denouncing immigrants, Catholics, Jews, blacks and organized labor.
Vernon Baker a United States Army first lieutenant who was an infantry company platoon leader during World War II and a paratrooper during the Korean War
Douglas MacArthur an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II
Dwight D. Eisenhower 34th president of the United States from 1953 to 1961. During WW II, was a 5-star general in the US Army, served as supreme commander of the AEF in Europe. Pres during Cold War. In July 1953, he agreed to an armistice to end the fighting in Korea.
Harry Truman 33rd president of the U.S. from 1945 to 1953, succeeding upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as vice president. He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe, and established the Truman Doctrine and NATO.
Created by: Allee Mainord