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People&Organizations

TermDefinition
The Grange The grange was an organization that’s goal was to assist farmers with difficulties such as, infestations, expensive farming machinery, railroad fares, high mortgage and interest rates, and falling prices of crops.
Exodusters African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas. They moved for cheap land and low cost of living. They still faced difficulties but they were far less severe than they were in the south.
Andrew Carnegie He led the expansion of the steel industry in the late 19th century. He was very rich and owned the US Steel Corporation. Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller He played an important role in the American oil industry. He was the founder of the Standard Oil Company and is known as the wealthiest American.
Terence Powderly He was an American labor union leader, and was the head of the Knights of Labor.
Samuel Gompers An American labor union leader an d founder of the American Federation of Labor (AFL).
Eugene Debs President of the American Railway Union and conducted a strike for higher wages.
Knights of Labor First national labor union in the US. It started as a secret society to support the working people. It influenced the Grange which supported farmers in rural areas.
American Federation of Labor An important branch off of the Knights of Labor. Samuel Gompers was the president of the union. It is the longest lasting and most influential labor federation in the US.
Populist Party An agrarian political party that emerged in 1891. They had support from farmers who faced political unfairness. They were also known as the People’s Party.
Boss Tweed led New York's powerful democratic political machine in 1868.
Upton Sinclair an American novelist, essayist, playwright, and short-story writer, whose works reflect socialistic views.
Ida B. Wells an African-American investigative journalist, educator, and an early leader in the Civil Rights Movement
Susan B Anthony a US teacher who was a leader of the campaign for women's right to vote.
WEB DuBois an American civil rights activist, educator, historian, writer, editor, poet, and scholar.
William Jennings an American orator and politician, a dominant force in the Democratic Party, standing three times as the party's nominee for President of the United States.
Theodore Roosevelt 26th President of the United States; hero of the Spanish-American War; Panama Canal was built during his administration
Robert LaFollette U.S. leader of the Progressive Movement, supported legislative reform
Jacob Riis a Danish-American social reformer, "muckraking" journalist
Booker T. Washington An African-American educator of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, who headed Tuskegee Institute, a college for African-Americans in Alabama.
Jane Addams the mother of social work, was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace.
Frances Willard an American educator, temperance reformer, and women's suffragist.
Henry Cabot Lodge an American Republican Senator and historian from Massachusetts
Alfred Thayer Mahan American naval officer and historian who was a highly influential exponent of sea power in the late 19th and early 20th centuries
Sanford B Dole a lawyer and jurist in the Hawaiian Islands as a kingdom, protectorate, republic and territory. He was president of Hawaii until it was annexed
NAACP the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, is a civil rights organization founded in 1909 to fight prejudice, lynching, and Jim Crow segregation, and to work for the betterment of "people of color."
William Taft the 27th president of the United States and the tenth chief justice of the United States, the only person to have held both offices.
Woodrow Wilson led the United States in World War I and secured the formation of the League of Nations
John J Pershing a senior United States Army officer. His most famous post was when he served as the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) on the Western Front in World War I
American Expeditionary Force a formation of the United States Army on the Western Front of World War I
Tuskegee Airmen a group of African-American military pilots who fought in World War II
Flying Tigers a group of African-American military pilots (fighter and bomber) who fought in World War II
Navajo Code Talkers transmitted sensitive wartime messages by speaking their native languages, in effect using them as codes
Franklin Roosevelt an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd president of the United States
League of Nations an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War. It was the first worldwide intergovernmental organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace
Clarence Darrow an American lawyer, a leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, and a prominent advocate for Georgist economic reform
KKK an American white supremacist hate group
Vernon Baker a United States Army first lieutenant who was an infantry company platoon leader during World War II and a paratrooper during the Korean War
Douglas MacArthur an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II
Dwight Eisenhower the 34th president of the United States from 1953 to 1961. During World War II, he was a five-star general in the United States Army and served as supreme commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in Europe.
Harry Truman the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953, succeeding upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as vice president. He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe
Created by: Victoria.laduque