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TermDefinition
Fertile Crescent A region of rich farmland that curves from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf centered on the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Mesopotamia The area that lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in southwest Asia
Ziggurat A Sumerian temple made of sun-dried brick that was dedicated to the chief god or goddess of a particular city-state
City-State A political unit that includes a town or a city and the surrounding land controlled by it
Polytheism The belief in many gods and goddesses; Hinduism
Dynasty A family of rulers whose right to rule is hereditary
Cuneiform Sumerian Writing; First ever writing
Sargon King of Akkad in Mesopotamia; conquered many cities along the middle of Euphrates to northern Syria
Hammurabi King of Babylonia; military leader who brought all of Mesopotamia onto the Babylonian Empire; Known for 282 laws
Indo-Europeans A group of Semi-nomadic people who migrated from southern Russia to the Indian subcontinent around
Steppes Arid grasslands; where the Indo-Europeans came from
Nebuchadnezzar ll Chaldean king of Babylon from 605 to 562 BC; rebuilt the city beautiful and noted for its famed Hanging Gardens
Judaism A monotheistic religion originating with the Israelite's, tracing its origins to Abraham, and having its spiritual and ethical principals embodied chiefly in the Hebrew Scriptures and the Talmud
Torah The first five books of the Hebrew bible; The most sacred texts of the Jewish faith
Abraham Originator of the Jewish line of descent; Deep devotion to great trust in the will of god as told in the bible
Covenant A binding agreement, like a contract
Patriarch An ancestral "father"of Judaism
Moses Hebrew prophet and lawgiver; He led the Hebrew people out of Egypt and back to Canaan in the Exodus; This is the journey that god gave him the Ten commandments
Exodus The Escape of the Hebrews from Egypt; Moses helped them escape
Diaspora Dispersal of the Jews from their homeland in Palestine during 2600 years that followed the destruction of the Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem in 586 BC by the Chaldean's
Monotheism The belief in one god; Like Christianity they believe in Jesus
Cyrus the great King of Persia and founder of the Persian Empire; He defeated the Median army and united the Persians and Medians under his rule
Darius l King of Persia from 522 to 486 BC; He reorganized and and strengthened the Persian Empire by reforming the army and the government
Satrap Governors of ancient Persia; Persia was to large for one ruler to see everything to the ruler Darius chose Satraps (Governors)
Xerxes King of Persia; His armies invaded Greece but eventually defeated by the Greeks
Zoroaster Religious teacher and prophet of ancient Persia;he founded a religious known as Zoroastrianism based on the idea that people have free will and can act as they choose
Dualism The belief that the world is controlled by two opposing forces, good and evil
Created by: evelynguillen
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