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ch.2

vocab

TermDefinition
Fertile crescent A region of rich farmland that curves from the Mediterranean sea to the Persian sea
Mesopotamia The area that lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Ziggurat A Sumerian temple made of sun-dried bricks
City-state a political unit that includes a town or a city and the surrounding land controlled by it
Polytheism The belief in many gods
Dynasty A family of rulers whose rule is hereditary
Cuneiform Sumerians writing
Sargon I King of Akkad considered the founder of Mesopotamia
Hammurabi king of Babylonia known for his uniform code of 282 laws
Indo-Europeans A group of semi-nomadic people who migrated from southern Russia to the Indian subcontinent around 1700 BC
Steppes Arid grasslands
Nebuchadnezzar II Chaldean king of Babylon from 605 to 562 he rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city
Judaism A monotheistic religion originating with the Israelite's
Torah the first 5 books of the Hebrew bible.
Abraham According to the bible he was the originator of the Jewish line of decent.
covenant a binding agreement.
patriarch An ancestral father of Judaism
Moses Hebrew prophet and law giver according to the bible he led the Hebrew people out of Egypt and back to Canaan in the Exodus.
Exodus the escape of the Hebrews from egypt
Diaspora the dispersal of Jews from there home land in Palestine
Monotheism the belief in one god
Cyrus the great King of Persia and founder of the Persian Empire. he defeated the median army and united Persians and Medians under his rule.
Darius l King of Persia from 522 to 486. he reorganised and strengthened the Persian Empire by reforming the army and the government.
satrap Governors of southern Persia
Xerxes King of Persia. his armies invaded Greek but was eventually defeated by the Greeks.
Zoroaster religious teacher and prophet of ancient Persia. he founded the religion known as Zoroastrianism.
Dualism the belief that the world is controlled by good and evil
Created by: brandoncoppinger
 

 



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