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History Exam

WW1

QuestionAnswer
Triple Entente Britain, France and Russia
Triple Threat Germany, Italy and Austria Hungary
What event was the direct cause of WW1? The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Why were Serbia and Austria-Hungary enemies? Serbians wanted to free Bosnia from Austrian Domination but Austria Hungary was opposed
Who was Canada's Minister or Militia during WW1? Sam Hughes
What did soldiers drink to overcome their fears to fight the enemy? Rum
What did a sniper do? Fired at an enemy from a concealed position
How did Canada enter the war? Automatically in war when Britain was in
What is a "Sopwith Camel"? Britain fighter plain
What would happen if a soldier deserted his post? Would be executed by firing squad
What did Canadians think at the beginning of WW1 Canadians were enthusiastic and thought it would be short
Name two animals that were sometimes used to pull artillery during the war Camels and Elephants
Were tanks effective at the start of the war? No
When did attacks occur the most? Dusk and dawn
What was a zeppelin? Made of hydrogen and used for bombing
What was a Jutland ? Sea Battle
What was a Fokker? German fighter plane
What was a dread naught ? Heavily armed battle ship
What was a 106 fuse? Cut through barbed wire
What was artillery? Heavy field guns
What was cavalry? Soldiers fighting on horse back
What was barbed wire ? Used to slow down and corral soldiers into an area
What was a tourniquet? Used to stop bleeding in a wound
What was a depth charge? Mine placed on sea routes
What was the war measures act? Told farmers and factory owners what to make
What was propaganda? Posters put up by Canadian government to get people to support the war
What years did WW1 take place? 1914-1918
What were the indirect causes of WW1? Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism and Alliances
What is Nationalism? A feeling of deep loyalty to ones country
What is Imperialism? A country(major power) controls land farther away to build an empire.
What is an alliance? Formed when countries promise to support each other through war
What is Militarism? The belief in ones power of strong armies and navies to decide issues
What is stalemate? Not a lot of movement
Why was there stalemate? Fear of enemy, defensive war and could not move ahead
What was unrestricted submarine warfare? When Germany declared to attack all merchant ships including neutral
How did the USA enter the war? When a USA cruise ship called the Lusitania was sunk by Germans
What is "The Code of Pilot" No honorable aviator attacks an aeroplane that is already on fire
How did pilots fight at beginning of the war? Throw things at each other and hand guns
What were some problems pilots faced? Cold, rain, open cockpit
What was on the planes near the end of WW1? Synchronized Machine Gun
What was a synchronized Machine Gun? Made it possible to fire between rotating blades of the propellers
What was conscription? Compulsory military service for able bodied males 20-45 years old
How could one be exempted from conscription? Farmers, Disability or illness, Against war
Why was conscription introduced? Number of volunteers and enlistments started to drop and casualties continued to rise
What two types of people did conscription divide? French and English Canadians because most instruction was in English not French
How did the life of Canadian women change during WW1? The right of suffrage and worked outside homes more
How was the Treaty of Versailles damaging to Germany? Blamed war on them, Had to pay for the damage of the war and had to make their army smaller
What are some negative effects of WW1? Lots of injuries and deaths and debt
What are some positive effects of WW1? Women got suffrage and economic boom
What was it like when WW1 soldiers returned home? Upset cause hey wanted a job, a better pension and housing
Why did the Winnipeg strike take place? Workers were protesting get higher pays and more hours
How did the Winnipeg strike end? When a shooting took place (strike people were tired)
What was the battle of Ypres known for? First use of Chlorine gas
What was the battle of Somme known for? First use of tanks
What was the battle of Vimy Ridge known for? Canadians fighting together and becoming a nation
What was the battle of Passchendaele known for? Very wet as it was under the water table
What was the area in between the trenches known as? No mans land
How were trenches designed? Zig Zag patterns so bullets or bombs didn't go straight through trenches
What was WW1 also referred to as? The Great War
Why was it considered a world war? All major powers took part in one way or another All other countries took part by supporting supplies or taking a side Fighting was faught in many different places around the world
What was a direct cause? Immediate cause
What was an indirect cause? A long term cause
In what place were nationalistic feelings especially intense? Serbia Bosnia
What terrorist organization did Bosnian Serbs organize to free Bosnia from Austrian domination? The Black Hand
Why was Austria opposed to letting Bosnia join Serbia? They wanted to build an empire
What country wanted to build an empire but couldn't? Germany
Why wasn't Canada ready for war? Not prepared. No men. Little equipment and little training
When was conscription put on in Canada? Later in the war
Why did people volunteer for war? Job and way to be a hero
Where did the trenches stretch between? English channel and border of Switzerland
What were common diseases in the trenches? Trench foot Trench mouth Lice Dysentery
What was the name for a nervous breakdown? Shell Shock
What was the lookout post at the front of the trench called? Saps
What was in the rear of the trenches? Communication post and extra men and supplies
What is it called when soldiers were tied to posts? Cruxification
What was a pillbox and how could it be destroyed? Bunker. With grenades and guns
What were some types of gases in WW1? Chlorine, tear, phosgene and mustard
What kinds of injuries were almost impossible to treat in ww1? Mustard gas burns and lost limbs
What were some new technologies in WW1? Rifles and pistols Machine Guns Artillery Bayonets Torpedoes Tanks
What was a navel blockade? Stop food and supplies from getting to soldiers
What was a plane fight called? Dogfight
What was an ace? Shot down more than 5 planes
Who was a Canadian ace? Billy Bishop
What does a total war mean? Involved citizens as much as soldiers
What 2 ships did the Halifax explosion involve? Imo and Monteblanc
Created by: Marsbar21
 

 



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