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Chapter 12 Review
The Age of Jackson
|The idea of spreading political power to all the people, not just the wealthy and elite.
|The practice of winning candidates giving government jobs to political supporters.
|Indian Removal Act
|This 1830 act called for the government to negotiate treaties that would require Native Americans to relocate west.
|Present-day Oklahoma and parts of Kansas and Nebraska to which Native Americans were moved under the Indian Removal Act.
|Trail of Tears
|The tragic journey of the Cherokee people from their homeland to Indian Territory between 1828 - 1839 when thousands of Cherokee died.
|Tariff of Abominations
|An 1828 law that raised taxes on goods imported from other countries.
|Doctrine of Nullification
|The right of a state to nullify or reject a federal law that it considers unconstitutional.
|An 1830 debate between Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne over the Doctrine of Nullification (does a state have a right to disobey a federal law)
|To withdraw from the United States or Union.
|An increase in prices and a decrease in the value of money.
|Panic of 1837
|A financial crisis in which banks closed and the credit system collapsed.
|Why was Andrew Jackson called "The man of the people"?
|He was the first president not from a wealthy, influential family. He could relate to the common man.
|How was the election of 1824 unique?
|Jackson won the popular vote but failed to win a majority of electoral votes.
|How was the presidential election of 1824 decided?
|By the House of Representatives after no candidate received a majority of electoral votes.
|When Jackson complained of "a corrupt bargain" what was he referring to?
|The presidential election of 1824 when he received a majority of the popular vote but the House of Representatives chose John Quincy Adams to be president.
|How does history describe Jackson's inauguration after his 1828 election to the presidency?
|Wild, rowdy, and chaotic
|Who was president at the time of the Indian Removal Act?
|What was the purpose of the Indian Removal Act?
|To remove Native Americans from their land east of the Mississippi River.
|Which tribe's journey to Indian Territory became known as the Trail of Tears?
|What is a tariff?
|A tax on goods imported from other countries.
|What does nullify mean?
|To declare something "null and void". To make no use of or cancel/reject.
|Why did the South dislike the Tariff of Abominations?
|They felt it hurt their economy while benefitting the North, and felt the interests of the North was influencing national policies.
|What topic was debated in the Webster-Hayne Debate?
|The Doctrine of Nullification....does a state have the right to disobey or reject a federal law.
|What did South Carolina threaten to do if the Tariff of Abominations was enforced?
|To nullify the law, to build their own army, and to secede from the United States.
|What was President Jackson's view of the national bank?
|He felt it had too much power and only benefitted the wealthy.
|How did Jackson "kill" the bank?
|He vetoed its charter and deposited government funds in state banks rather than the national bank.
|What happened during the Panic of 1837?
|Banks went out of business, factories closed, people lost their jobs, the country entered into a depression.