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Chapter 12 Review

The Age of Jackson

TermDefinition
Jacksonian Democracy The idea of spreading political power to all the people, not just the wealthy and elite.
Spoils System The practice of winning candidates giving government jobs to political supporters.
Indian Removal Act This 1830 act called for the government to negotiate treaties that would require Native Americans to relocate west.
Indian Territory Present-day Oklahoma and parts of Kansas and Nebraska to which Native Americans were moved under the Indian Removal Act.
Trail of Tears The tragic journey of the Cherokee people from their homeland to Indian Territory between 1828 - 1839 when thousands of Cherokee died.
Tariff of Abominations An 1828 law that raised taxes on goods imported from other countries.
Doctrine of Nullification The right of a state to nullify or reject a federal law that it considers unconstitutional.
Webster-Hayne Debate An 1830 debate between Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne over the Doctrine of Nullification (does a state have a right to disobey a federal law)
Secession (Secede) To withdraw from the United States or Union.
Inflation An increase in prices and a decrease in the value of money.
Panic of 1837 A financial crisis in which banks closed and the credit system collapsed.
Why was Andrew Jackson called "The man of the people"? He was the first president not from a wealthy, influential family. He could relate to the common man.
How was the election of 1824 unique? Jackson won the popular vote but failed to win a majority of electoral votes.
How was the presidential election of 1824 decided? By the House of Representatives after no candidate received a majority of electoral votes.
When Jackson complained of "a corrupt bargain" what was he referring to? The presidential election of 1824 when he received a majority of the popular vote but the House of Representatives chose John Quincy Adams to be president.
How does history describe Jackson's inauguration after his 1828 election to the presidency? Wild, rowdy, and chaotic
Who was president at the time of the Indian Removal Act? Andrew Jackson
What was the purpose of the Indian Removal Act? To remove Native Americans from their land east of the Mississippi River.
Which tribe's journey to Indian Territory became known as the Trail of Tears? The Cherokee
What is a tariff? A tax on goods imported from other countries.
What does nullify mean? To declare something "null and void". To make no use of or cancel/reject.
Why did the South dislike the Tariff of Abominations? They felt it hurt their economy while benefitting the North, and felt the interests of the North was influencing national policies.
What topic was debated in the Webster-Hayne Debate? The Doctrine of Nullification....does a state have the right to disobey or reject a federal law.
What did South Carolina threaten to do if the Tariff of Abominations was enforced? To nullify the law, to build their own army, and to secede from the United States.
What was President Jackson's view of the national bank? He felt it had too much power and only benefitted the wealthy.
How did Jackson "kill" the bank? He vetoed its charter and deposited government funds in state banks rather than the national bank.
What happened during the Panic of 1837? Banks went out of business, factories closed, people lost their jobs, the country entered into a depression.
Created by: jannasnyder