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Industrial Rev

8th grade IR

TermDefinition
Free Enterprise citizens able to make and spend money freely with little government interference
John Deere Invented Steel Plow in 1837
Eli Whitney Invented Cotton Gin and Interchangeable Parts
Cyrus McCormick Invented Reaper that harvested wheat
Bessemer Steel Process New weigh of making steel that was more durable and mass produced much faster and easier
Transcontinental Railroad Stretched across North American continent joining Atlantic to Pacific - Mountain tunnels blasted out and bridges built
Mass Production producing items in large quantities quickly
Factory System Started in New England by Samuel Slater - transition from making products at home to making them in factories by machines
Telegraph Invented by Samuel F. B. Morse in 1837 - instantaneous communication using Morse Code - brought East and West together
Erie Canal Connected East to West - 4' deep, 40' wide, 360 miles long - made New York City the largest city in U.S.
Cotton Gin 1793 - cleaned cotton much faster - increased cotton production and led to increase in slavery
Interchangeable Parts Parts made exactly the same by machine - increased production in factories - easier to replace parts
Steel Plow lighter weight, more durable, clods of dirt did not stick to it
American System Henry Clay - National Bank, Improve Transportation Systems, Protective Tariff
Effects of War of 1812 Weakened Native resistance, Increase in Nationalism, start of Industrial Revolution
Lowell Mills Francis Cabot Lowell - Factories in Lowell Massachusetts in early 1800s that produced textiles - first women working in factories
Northeast Economy based on manufacturing
Midwest Farming - Wheat and Corn
South Farming - raw materials such as cotton
Created by: ddriskill
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