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|Frankiln D. Roosevelt- FDR led the United States from isolationism to victory over Nazi Germany and its allies in World War II.
|Churchill, Winston. An English political leader and author of the twentieth century; he became prime minister shortly after World War II began and served through the end of the war in Europe. Churchill symbolized the fierce determination of the British to
|Stalin aligned with the United States and Britain in World War II (1939-1945) but afterward engaged in an increasingly tense relationship with the West known as the Cold War (1946-1991).
|Hitler sought Lebensraum ("living space") for the German people in Eastern Europe, and his aggressive foreign policy is considered the primary cause of World War II in Europe. He directed large-scale rearmament and, on 1 September 1939, invaded Poland, re
|Mussolini allied himself with Adolf Hitler, relying on the German dictator to prop up his leadership during World War II, but he was killed shortly after the German surrender in Italy in 1945.
|Japanese army officer who initiated the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and who assumed dictatorial control of Japan during World War II; he was subsequently tried and executed as a war criminal
|He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe, and established the Truman Doctrine and NATO.
|he was a five-star general in the United States Army and served as supreme commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in Europe.
|Great Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union—formed a Grand Alliance that was the key to victory. ... Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin was a late addition to the Big Three.
|a form of government which is a type of one-party dictatorship
|an international context is a diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an aggressive power in order to avoid conflict.
|Japan's expansion was, similar to other changes taking place, the result of emulation of and conflict with the Western countries.
|those countries allied in opposition to the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey) in World War I or to the Axis powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan) in World War II.
|Germany, Italy, and Japan, which were allied before and during World War II.
|Lend Lease Act
|passed in 1941: such aid was to be repaid in kind after the war. the two-way transfer of ideas, styles, etc.
|Selective Service Act
|1940, which required all men between the ages of 21 and 45 to register for the draft
|The code name for the effort to develop atomic bombs (see also atomic bomb) for the United States during World War II. The first controlled nuclear reaction took place in Chicago in 1942, and by 1945, bombs had been manufactured that used this chain react
|Hiroshima and Nagasaki
|On August 6, 1945, during World War II (1939-45), an American B-29 bomber dropped the world's first deployed atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The explosion wiped out 90 percent of the city and immediately killed 80,000 people; tens of thou
|An inlet of the Pacific Ocean on the southern coast of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu. It became the site of a naval base after the United States annexed Hawaii in 1898. On Sunday, December 7, 1941, Japanese planes attacked the base, and the United States
|the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. The best known D-Day is during World War II, on June 6, 1944—the day of the Normandy landings—initiating the Western Allied effort to liberate mainland Europe from Nazi Germany.
|was a military strategy employed by the Allies in the Pacific War against Japan and the Axis powers during World War II.
|a fixed allowance of provisions or food, especially for soldiers or sailors or for civilians during a shortage: a daily ration of meat and bread. an allotted amount: They finally saved up enough gas rations for the trip.
|propaganda was used to increase support for the war and commitment to an Allied victory.
|Rosie the Riveter
|cultural icon of World War II, representing the women who worked in factories and shipyards during World War II, many of whom produced munitions and war supplies.
|Wacs and Waves
|They served not only in the Army (WAC), but also with the Navy (WAVES) and Coast Guard (SPARs). Although never officially members of the armed forces, Women Air Force Service Pilots (WASPs) provided critical support for the war effort.
|Tuskegee Airmen Codetalkers
|strongly associated with bilingual Navajo speakers specially recruited during World War II by the Marines to serve in their standard communications units in the Pacific Theater. Code talking, however, was pioneered by the Cherokee and Choctaw peoples duri
|n infantry regiment of the United States Army and is the only infantry formation in the Army Reserve. The regiment is best known for its history as a fighting unit composed almost entirely of second-generation American soldiers of Japanese ancestry (Nisei
|Japanese internment camps
|was the forced relocation and incarceration in concentration camps in the western interior of the country of between 110,000 and 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry, most of whom lived on the Pacific coast.
|was a slogan and drive to promote the fight for democracy in oversea campaigns and at the home front in the United States for African Americans during World War II.
|Zoot suit riots
|were a series of conflicts on June 3–8, 1943 in Los Angeles, California, United States, which pitted American servicemen stationed in Southern California against Mexican-American youths and other minorities who were residents of the city.
|was a series of laws and diplomatic agreements, initiated on August 4, 1942, when the United States signed the Mexican Farm Labor Agreement with Mexico.
|Double V campaign
|The campaign first appeared in the African-American newspaper Pittsburgh Courier on February 7, 1942.
|a guarded compound for the detention or imprisonment of aliens, members of ethnic minorities, political opponents, etc., especially any of the camps established by the Nazis prior to and during World War II for the confinement and persecution of prisoners
|a Jewish sacrificial offering that is burned completely on an altar.
|were a series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces under international law and the laws of war after World War II.