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Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian HNRS HIST "Civil War" test flashcards 2022

What was the first major battle of the Civil War" The Battle of Manassas, or First Bull Run.
Who won the first major Civil War battle? The Confederate Army won this.
What was the Army of the Potomac? This was the name of the main Union army that was led by a series of generals until General Ulysses S. Grant took command in 1863, leading it to final victory in 1865.
Why did many Southerners believe that Great Britain would support them during the Civil War? They believed this because Great Britain bought large amounts of Southern cotton.
What kind of ships did the Confederacy build after the U.S. Navy closed their ports? They built armor - plated ships called "ironclads" that had steel ramrods for sinking wooden ships and 10 well protected guns.
What was the goal of the Battle of Corinth? The South's major east - west and north - south rail lines crossed here.
What was the Army of Virginia? This was the South's major army, led by General Robert E. Lee throughout most of the Civil War.
What was the goal of the Peninsular Campaign of 1862? The goal of this was to capture the Confederate capital, Richmond, Virginia.
What was the Copper Union Address? This was the name of a speech Abraham Lincoln gave in 1860 in which he said that he did not wish to abolish slavery where it existed. Instead, he wanted to stop its spread.
What does the term "contrabands" mean/ refer to? This term refers to former slaves who had lived in the South and, once freed, fled to Union lines and helped to support the Union troops.
What does the term "colonization" mean/ refer to? A plan that Abraham Lincoln briefly considered in which former slaves would be returned to Africa. Slaves and former slaves did not support it.
What was the "Emancipation Proclamation"? This was President Lincoln's plan to free slaves "in states that were currently under rebellion as of January 1st, 1863". (SQR2 = Natalie, Maddie, Neveah, & Kiarra.)
What does the term "Copperheads" mean/ refer to? This was the name for a faction that developed within the Democratic party that advocated for immediate peace with the Confederacy on terms that would allow it to leave the Union.
Why did support for the Civil War start to slip in both the North and the South? This occurred due to the terrible losses that families suffered due to battlefield deaths and the war's effect on the home front.
What was one (1) reason that the South suffered the war's heaviest toll? This occurred because the South was always short of money, regardless of modest taxes citizens paid and because the Confederate government printed more money, which caused inflation.
Why did the task of managing the home front fall primarily to women in the South? This occurred because nearly all men of military age were involved in the fighting, leaving women to handle these situations.
Why was life much easier in the North than the South during the Civil War? This was because nearly all battles were fought in the South.
What does the term Internal Revenue Service mean/ refer to? This term refers to an agency created by Congress during the Civil War whose task it was to collect federal taxes to support the war effort.
What were "greenbacks"? This was paper money printed by Congress that was backed by the federal government's promise to pay rather than backed by silver or gold.
Why was New York City the "center of war opposition"? This occurred because Irish Catholics living in that city did not support fighting for African American rights. They saw African Americans as competition for jobs on the docks and in the streets.
What was the New York Draft Riot? This was an Irish - immigrant protest against conscription in New York City that escalated into class and racial warfare.
Why was June of 1863 the "high point of Confederate confidence and Confederate advances"? General Lee and his army had made it into Pennsylvania, which made Northerners fearful about attacks on Washington and Philadelphia.
What three (3) factors led to the Civil War's high death toll? 1.) Both armies changed tactics, trying to kill or wound as many opposing soldiers as they could; 2.) Weapons themselves were deadlier than in previous wars: 3.) More wounded died from infection than before.
How did rifles made at Harper's Ferry in the 1850's change the results of "close order formation" fighting tactics during the Civil War? These weapons could fire bullets longer distances by four times the previous rifles and rifling in the barrel caused the bullet to spin, which resulted in more damage to the human body.
What was the Sanitary Commission? This was a group created by women in 1861 to improve the medical services and treatment for sick and wounded Union soldiers during the Civil War.
What was Dorothea Dix's role in the development of battlefield nursing? She was named "Superintendent of Female Nurses".
What was the difference between the way women were treated/seen in the North versus the South? Middle class women in the South were treated as though they were in need of constant protection, so it was thought to be "improper" for them to work as nurses where they would be close to men.
What was General Sherman's goal when he began marching his troops across the Confederate states in 1865? His goal was to cut the Confederate states in half from the west to the east.
What did General Sherman do during his "March to the Sea"? He committed acts of terrorism such as burning down buildings, tearing up railroad ties & bending them so they were useless, & "destroying anything the South could use or eat".
What happened to Confederate President Jefferson Davis after Gen. Sherman's surrender? He fled the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia and went South until he was finally captured in Georgia.
What did the 13th Amendment do/ provide for? This Amendment ended slavery in the United States. SQR2 = Kobe & Eric)
What did the initial plans for the "Reconstruction" include? Military districts were created in the former Confederate states and temporary military governments were established to provide law and order and prevent anarchy.
What does the term "popular sovereignty" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the idea that voters in a territory or state should settle the issue of slavery there.
What was the "Fugitive Slave Act"? This act "created a new set of federal agents to help track runaway slaves and required authorities in the North to assist Southern slave catchers and return runaway slaves to their owners".
What was the "Kansas - Nebraska Act of 1854"? This law created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska but left the question of whether or not to allow slavery in them open to local residents.
What was the focus of the Republican Party in 1854? The focus of this political party was stopping the spread of slavery in any place in the nation where it did not exist.
What does the term "Second Party System" mean/ refer to? This term "a system that began when the followers of Andrew Jackson created the Democratic party as a political party and Jackson's opponents organized the Whig Party in response".
What does the term "Bleeding Kansas" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "violence between pro and anti slavery forces in Kansas territory after the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854 that led to significant bloodshed and national attention for Kansas".
What was the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in the "Dred Scott vs. Sandford" case? 1.) That Scott had no rights that the U.S. needed to honor as an African American; 2.) Scott had no standing to bring the case; 3.) They returned Scott to slavery (however his freedom was purchased & he was set free).
What was the "Panic of 1857"? This was "a banking crisis that caused a credit crunch in the North; it was less severe in the South, where high cotton prices spurred a quick recovery".
What does the term "Mason - Dixon Line" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a line surveyed by Jeremiah Dixon and Charles Mason between 1763 and 1767 that settled the border between the colonies of Pennsylvania and Maryland & came to be seen as the boundary between the North and the South.
Who was "John Brown"? He was an abolitionist who attacked a pro-slavery community near Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas and killed 5 settlers. He also led an attack on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia.
Which state was the first to secede from the Union at the beginning of the Civil War? South Carolina was the first to do this.
Which 6 states seceded from the Union next? Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, and Florida.
What was the difference between how the South named Civil War battles versus how they were named in the North? South - Named battles after the nearest town or artificial landmark; North - Named them after nearest city or town.
What was important about the Vicksburg Battle? Helped the Union gain control of the Mississippi River and helped them win the war.
What was important about the Battle of Antietam? This was a crucial victory for the Union because Great Britain was going to recognize the Confederacy if they won.
How were blockades used in the North's war effort? They were used to cut off the supply of trade with the rest of the world.
Why was the failed attack at Gettysburg such a brutal blow to the Confederate Army? More than 1/3 of Robert E. Lee's army was killed.
Created by: sticklerpjpII
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