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Imperialism II

Vocabulary terms for Imperialism in Africa and Latin America

Shaka Zulu chief (1816–28) and founder of Southern Africa’s Zulu Empire, He is credited with creating a fighting force that devastated the entire region
Menelik II Emperor of Ethiopia, One of Ethiopia’s greatest rulers, he expanded the empire almost to its present-day borders, repelled an Italian invasion in 1896, and carried out a wide-ranging program of modernization
Berlin Conference A meeting at which representatives from European nations agreed upon rules for the European colonization of Africa
Cecil Rhodes British imperialist and business magnate, he was one of the foremost advocates of expanding the British Empire and was a strong believer in the superiority of the “Anglo-Saxon” race
Social Darwinism An application of Darwin’s scientific theories of natural selection and the survival of the fittest to the struggle between nations and races, used in the late 1800’s to justify imperialism and racism
Suez Canal Canal linking the Mediterranean with the Red Sea, drastically shortening the trip from Europe to the Indian Ocean by eliminating the need for ships to sail around the southern tip of Africa
Spanish-American War (1898), conflict between the United States and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in US acquisition of territories in the western Pacific and Latin America
Roosevelt Corollary To protect US interests and maintain stability in the region, President Roosevelt announced the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, The United States vowed to use its military might to keep Europeans out of the Americas
Leopold II The king of Belgium, Leopold II, claimed the territory of Congo for himself, Leopold created a personal fortune by exploiting the Congo’s natural resources
Antonio López de Santa Anna Mexican general, president, and dictator, he fought in the Texas Revolution and seized the Alamo but was defeated and captured by Sam Houston at San Jacinto
Created by: NavyBoatDriver



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