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Lang- Occupation

Theories, theorists, studies and definitions for Language and Occupation

QuestionAnswer
Jargon expressions used by a profession or group. E.g. Football Jargon "top bins" "offside". Known as verbal shorthand.
Positives of Jargon Enables members of occupational groups to communicate clearly, quickly and precisely.
Negatives of Jargon Inappropriate when used to address a wider, non -specialist audience. Expresses membership of an exclusive group
Features of unhelpful Jargon Vocabulary which is unnecessarily complex is unlikely to be understood. Fashionable words meanings are vague and imprecise. Euphemisms disguise the reality of what's being described.
Phatic talk Koester in 2004 shows the importance of phatic talk is in getting jobs done. Being sociable and engaging in personal chat is an important aspect of working. - Solidarity
Language and power Norman Fairclough shows that many interactions are "unequal encounters". There is the dominant participant and the submissive participant...
Conversational features Who leads the talk? Who chooses/ changes the topic? Who interrupts/ backs down? Who uses politeness strategies? Who talks most? Who asks the most questions? Who use tags, fillers, and hedges?
Dominant participant Initiate the conversation, set the agenda, control the topics, interrupt, overlap, reinforce required behaviour through positive feedback.
Submissive particpant Respond, Be largely silent, Respectful form of address avoiding familiarity, use fillers and vague language, follow set agenda of the conversation
Created by: Haribro
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