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The colonial era

Colonial era

New Sweden ,1638 Short -lived colony on Delaware R. Eventually controlled by Holland ,then England.
Genocide The deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
New Amsterdam/New York, 1625 Estab. By the Netherlands (Holland) as a base for the beaver trade
Peter Minuit Purchased Manhattan for the Dutch
Peter Stuyvesant Racist mayor of New A. who ceded it to the English and ensured religious freedom
Pilgrims Those who left the Anglican church and founded Plymouth (1620)
Puritans Those who wanted to reform the Anglican church and founded Massachusetts Bay Colony (1630)
Jamestown (1607) First permanent English settlement in America.
John Smith Military leader who was key to Jamestown’s early survival
Pocahontas Daughter to chief Powhatan/ally to Jamestown
Huron Native tribe north of the St. Lawrence River (allied with the French)
Iroquoise Native tribe south of the St. Lawrence river (allied with the English)
Vermont Region on border of Huron/Iroquoise/French/English territories
Northwest Passage Water route to Asia through the northwest region of the Atlantic
Samuel de Champlain Explorer of Canada; “Father of New France,” Established Quebec City
New France (Southern Canada and the U.S. mid-west) Name of region colonized by New France
St Augustine 1565 (Spain): 1st permanent European colony in the New World
Santa Fe 1609 (Spain): oldest capital city in the U.S. (New Mexico)
Encomienda System of rule in which the King rewards people with the labor of conquered natives.
MIssions Communities run by the Catholic church to spread political control and the Christian religion
New Spain Included Florida, and the South- west
Colony Country or area controlled by another country
Created by: epelkey



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