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Colonial Era

TermDefinition
Colony Country or area controlled by another country
Colonial Era (1492-1776) Period when North and South America were colonized by European countries
Native American Groups (SPANS) Southwest, Plains, Arctic, Northeast, Southeast
3 Major colonizers Spain, England, France
Mercantilism Economic system in which countries build wealth by establishing colonies
Encomienda System of rule in which the king rewards leaders with the labor of conquered slaves
Missions Communities run by the Catholic Church (Spain).
New Spain Included Florida and the southwest
St. Augustine 1565 (Spain) First permanent European colony in the U.S.
Santa Fe 1609 (Spain) Oldest state capital in the U.S.
New France (Southern Canada and the US midwest) Name of region colonized by France.
Northwest Passage Water-route to Asia through the Northwest region of the Atlantic.
Samuel de Champlain Explorer of Canada, "Father of New France", established Quebec City.
Huron Native tribe north of St. Lawrence river. (Allied with French).
Iroquois Native tribes south of St. Lawrence river. (Allied with English).
Vermont Region on border between Huron/Iroquois/French/English lands.
Jamestown First permanent English settlement in America. Purpose: tobacco.
Joint Stock Company Company established by England to create colonies and earn profit. (Virginia Company, Plymouth Company).
Pilgrims Those who left the Anglican church and founded Plymouth (1620).
Puritans Those who wanted to reform the Anglican church and founded Massachusetts Bay Colony (1630).
New Amsterdam/New York Established by the Netherlands (Dutch) (Beaver Trade).
Peter Minuit Purchased Manhattan for Dutch
Peter Stuyvescant Racist mayor of New Amsterdam who ceded it in to English and ensured religious tolerance
Genocide The deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
New Sweden, 1638 Short-lived colony on Delaware River eventually controlled by Dutch, then English.
Created by: safranr
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