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Colonial Era

TermDefinition
Colony Country or area controlled by another country
Colonial era (1492-1776) Period where North and South America were colonized by European countries
Native American Groups (SPANS) Southwest, Plains, Arctic, Northeast, Southwest
Mercantilism Economic system in which countries build wealth by establishing colonies
3 major colonizers Spain, England, France
Encomienda System of rule in which the king rewards leaders with the labor of conquered slaves
Missions Counities run by the Catholic church (Spain)
New Spain Included Florida and the southwest
Huron Native tribe north of St. Lawrence river (allied w French)
Iroquois Native tribe south of St. Lawrence river (allied w English)
Vermont Region on border between Huron/Iroquois, French/English
Jamestown First permenant English settlement in America, (purpose = tobacco)
Joint stock company Company established by England to create colonies and earn profit (Virginia company, Plymouth company)
Pilgrims Those who left the Anglican church and formed Plymouth (1620)
Puritans Those who wanted to reform the Anglican church and founded Massachusets bay colony (1630)
New Amsterdam Established by the Netherlands(the Dutch) (Beaver trade)
Peter Minuit Purchased Manhattan for Dutch
Peter Stuyvescant Racist mayor of New Amsterdam who ceded it to English and ensured religous tolerance
Genocide The deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
New Sweden, 1638 Short lived colony on Delaware River. Eventually controlled by Holland, then England.
John Smith Military leader who was key to Jamestown’s early survival
Pocahontas Daughter to chief Powhatan/ally to Jamestown
Northwest Passage Water route to Asia through the northwest region of the Atlantic
Samuel de Champlain Explorer of Canada; “Father of New France,” Established Quebec City
New France (Southern Canada and the U.S. mid-west) Name of region colonized by New France
St Augustine 1565 (Spain): 1st permanent European colony in the New World
Santa Fe 1609 (Spain): oldest capital city in the U.S. (New Mexico)
Created by: chants
 

 



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