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Cold War

Cold War Vocabulary

Cold War rivalry between the US and Soviet Union, completing for world leadership 1945-1991
free enterprise or capitalism economic system where individuals are free to own or work for a business of their choice, consumers and business owners control the economy
communism government that has total control
dictator a ruler with absolute power
Berlin Airlift NATO flew supplies into Berlin to help those in need
Korean War communist North Korea invaded democratic South Korea, US backed South Korea
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization, created to stop the spread of communism
Warsaw Pact 1955 agreement with NATO, Eastern BLOC countries agreed to be under Soviet control
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) group formed in 1945 to investigate accused Communists hiding in the US
Joseph McCarthy anti-communist US senator that scared Americans about communism
McCarthyism anti-communist movement in the 1950s led by Senator McCarthy that used unfair investigative practices
Red Scare federal action by the US against people suspected of being Communists or Communist sympathizers
Nikita Khrushchev dictator of Soviet Union after Stalin, planned Cuban Missile Crisis, goal was to spread communism
Iron Curtain said by Winston Churchill, symbolic boundary that divided Europe into two parts: communist Soviet Union on the East and democratic Europe on the West
Truman Doctrine promise made by Harry Truman to help any country the the Soviet Union tried to turn Communist
domino theory theory that if one nation becomes Communist then the surrounding nations become Communist
nuclear arms race competition between the US and Soviet Union to create nuclear weapons
Cuban Missile Crisis Soviet Union supplies nuclear weapons to Cuba and aimed that at the US
Vietnam War North Vietnam (communist) fought against South Vietnam (democratic), Soviet Union and the US were involved, communists won
Soviet Union communist country during the Cold War, desired to spread communism around the world, US was the rival
Superpowers US and Soviet Union during the Cold War, both sides had nuclear weapons
Berlin Wall wall that divided East Berlin (communist) and West Berlin (democratic)
German Reunification West Germany (democratic) and East Germany (communist) were finally reunited
Created by: bethjenkins
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