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WWII

Vocabulary for WWII

TermDefinition
Pearl Harbor naval base in Hawaii attacked by Japan on December 7, 1941 and led the US to enter WWII
D-Day largest sea invasion in history, led by US General Eisenhower and pushed Germans out of France
Holocaust time when millions of Jews were killed by Hitler’s Nazis
concentration camps place where Nazi troops sent people (mostly Jews) to be killed during WWII
VE Day day that Americans and Europeans celebrated Germany’s surrender (Victory in Europe Day)
Iwo Jima Pacific island where Japanese put up a fierce battle but lost to US Marines, part of the island hopping campaign
atomic bomb bomb that gets its power from the release of nuclear energy
Hiroshima Japanese city where the 1st atomic bomb ever used in war was dropped
Nagasaki Japanese city where the 2nd atomic bomb was dropped, causing Japan to surrender
kamikaze Japanese word that means divine wind, an attack where Japanese pilots would crash into Allied ships
VJ Day day when Japan surrendered (Victory in Japan Day)
Allied Powers the alliance of the US, Soviet Union, and Great Britain during WWII
Franklin D. Roosevelt US president during most of WWII, died in office in April of 1945 (Alllies)
Harry Truman became US president when Roosevelt died, made the decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan and desegregated the military in 1948 (Allies)
Joseph Stalin dictator of the Soviet Union during WWII (Allies)
Winston Churchill prime minister of Great Britain during WWII (Allies)
Axis Powers the alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during WWII
Adolph Hitler dictator of Germany that was responsible for starting WWII and the Holocaust (Axis)
Nazi Party a political party in Germany led by Adolph Hitler
Benito Mussolini dictator of Italy during WWII (Axis)
Hirohito leader of Japan during WWII, wanted an East Asia Empire (Axis)
rationing most Americans had to limit their consumer goods during WWII (gas, coffee, sugar, etc.)
Rosie the Riveter government poster that represented women going to work in factories while the men were away at war
Tuskegee Airmen famous African-American pilots who protected bomber planes during WWII
Eleanor Roosevelt FRD’s wife, traveled the world to promote human rights, helped write the Declaration of Human Rights
United Nations international peace-keeping organization that was created as a result of WWII
Created by: bethjenkins