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Unit 2: Middle Ages

Middle Ages

Byzantine, Islamic, or Both? One strong ruler Both
Byzantine, Islamic, or Both? Christianity helped to unite the empire over a common culture Byzantine
Jewish and Muslim faiths were allowed to practice their religion freely Islamic
Who set a strict code of laws in the Byzantine empire that was used as a basis for our law system? Justinian
What did the Islamic empire make advancements in during the Middle Ages? science, math, medicine, and astronomy
Why was the Church so powerful in feudal Europe? owned a lot of land
What could the Church do if the King challenged their power? excommunication
What was the motives for Christians to fight in the Crusades? faith, wealth, and opportunity
How did the Crusades change life in Feudal Europe? new goods and learning
How did the Mongols communicate with their large empire? yam
How did the Mongols prevent soldiers from deserting the battlefield? executing the whole group
How did the Mongols use biological warfare to defeat their enemies? hurled plague corpses at enemies
Which group was credited in starting the spread of the plague to Europe? Mongols
How did the plague spread to Europe? infected fleas on rats
How did the infected rats make their way to Europe? ships
What was the end result of the Crusades? Muslims maintained control of the Holy Land
What happened to Constantinople during the Crusades? attacked and burned down
What was the result of the attack of Constantinople during the Crusades? Byzantine empire collapsed
Who was the leader of the Muslim army that made a peace deal with King Richard the Lionheart? Saladin
With the development of Nation-States, the power of the King changed in what way? gained land and made all decisions
What happened to manors at the end of feudalism? became nation-states
What new social classes developed at the end of feudalism? merchants, artisans, scholars
What is the definition of nationalism? people are loyal to their nation
What happened to trade after the Crusades? new routes for luxury items like silk, spices, and pearls
Created by: bumberns