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American Revolution

Chapter 6. Sections 1 & 2

TermDefinition
Thomas Paine A patriot who wrote "Common Sense" & "The Crisis" .
Common Sense & The Crisis Publications that marked the beginning of a shift in people's thinking about supporting independence.
Richard Henry Lee Presented to Congress the Virginia resolution on the right of the colonies to be free from England's rule.
Resolution A formal statement of opinion.
Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Declaration of Independence.
The Declaration of Independence A formal statement listing reasons why the colonies should separate from Britain.
Preamble The Declaration of Independence's introduction. It explains why the document is being written.
Declaration of Natural Rights (General Ideas About Society and Government) The section of the Declaration of Independence (after the Preamble) that states the colonists basic beliefs.
Colonist's basic beliefs that are listed in the Declaration of Independence All people have natural rights. Government should protect those rights. When government fails to protect people's rights, the people should abolish the government.
Natural Rights Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.
List of Grievances The section of the Declaration of Independence (after the General Ideas About Society and Government) that states the formal complaints against King George III of England.
Conclusion The last section of the Declaration of Independence that states that the only course of action left to the colonists is to dissolve all political ties with Britain.
July 4, 1776 The Declaration of Independence was approved.
August 2, 1776 The Declaration of Independence was signed.
Sir William Howe Commander in chief of the British army in North America. Led the British attack along Long Island.
Nathan Hale An American patriot from Connecticut. He volunteered to spy on the British at Long Island, New York. He was caught behind enemy lines and hanged.
"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country." Nathan Hale's famous last words.
Mercenaries Soldiers that are paid to fight for a country other than their own.
George Washington An American General who led Patriot forces to victory over the British.
Battle of Trenton (New Jersey) A battle where General George Washington led a Christmas night surprise attack and won.
Battle at Saratoga (New York) An American victory that lifted the Patriots' spirits, and showed Europe that the Americans might be able to win the war.
Countries that joined the war for independence from Great Britain. France, Spain and the Netherlands.
Marquis de Lafayette A French noble who became good friends of General George Washington as they led troops together.
Cavalry Units of troops on horseback.
Baron Friedrich von Steuben A German commander who was helpful in teaching American recruits how to march, aim, and attack with bayonets.
Valley Forge (Pennsylvania) Where the army gathered its strength for the coming battles during the harsh winter of 1777-1778.
Created by: mrshalesbs
 

 



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