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WH- Unit 8 Review

Mesoamerica (600 CE to 1450 CE)

Mesoamerica Area extending from central Mexico to Honduras and Nicaragua in which diverse pre-Columbian civilizations flourished.
Anasazi Early native American people who lived in the American Southwest
Pueblos Village of large apartment-like buildings made of clay and stone, built by the Anasazi and later people in the American Southwest
Iroquois Group of Native American peoples who spoke related languages and lived in the eastern great lakes region of North America
Totems Natural object or animate being, such as an animal or bird, assumed as the emblem of a clan, family, or group.
Mayans Civilizations located in Central America who developed complex temples, pyramids, a writing system basedon hieroglyphs and a sophisticated calendar.
Tikal Ancient Mayan city, situated in the jungles of northern Guatemala and the site of significant discoveries that have helped archeologists understand the civilizations of Mesoamerica
Glyphs Symbolic picture, especially one used as a part of a writing system for carving messages in stone
Codex Manuscript or book with numerous pages that can be turned and used to decipher the writings of early civilizations
Aztecs Group of native american people who created a civilation based in central mexico using a powerful monarch, large armies, and a sophisticated system of causeways and pyramids (Tenochtitlan) before being conqured by Cortes.
Obsidian Hard, glassy volcanic rock used by people in the early Americas to make weapons
Quetzalcoatl Primary god of the Toltec's and the other mesoamerican people
Triple Alliance Association of the city-states of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan, which led to the formation of the Aztec Empire
Montezuma ll Last Aztec emperor whose demand for tribute and sacrifice united many of the provinces against the Aztecs and whose actions against the Spanish Conquistadors led to the downfall of the Aztec empire
Incas Group of Indian people who created an empire in the Andes mountains of Peru, utilizing forced labor, a powerful military, advanced building (Machu Piccu) and were eventually conquered by Pizarro
Pachacuti the most powerful of all the Indian rulers he united the provinces through diplomacy and conquest, but also built the Inca's most glorious cities and set up the Incan style of government
Ayllu Small community or family group who worked together for the common good in Inca society
Mita The requirement, in the Inca empire, that all able-bodied subjects work for the state for a certain number of days each year
Quipu A set of colored knotted strings that used a base of the number 10 to count, categorize, and record information
Machu Piccu Site of an ancient Incan and pre-Indian city in the Andes mountains in Peru that was possibly used as a religious site for the Incan kings
Created by: gibsonally