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Unit Six

TermDefinition
Secession The formal withdrawal of a sate from the Union
Confederacy The Confederate States of America, a confederation formed in 1861 by the Southern states after their secession from the Union
Jefferson Davis A Mexican War hero, U.S. senator from Mississippi, U.S. secretary of war and president of the Confederate States of America for the duration of the American Civil War (1861-1865)
Fort Sumter The bombardment of Fort Sumter near Charleston, South Carolina by the Confederate States Army, and the return gunfire and subsequent surrender by the United States Army, that started the American Civil War
Anaconda Plan A three-part strategy by which the Union proposed to defeat he Confederacy in the Civil War
First Battle of Bull Run (First Battle of Manassas) Fought on July 21, 1861 in Prince William County, Virginia, just north of the city of Manassas and about 25 miles west-southwest of Washington, D.C
Antietam A decisive engagement in the American Civil War (1861–65) that halted the Confederate advance on Maryland for the purpose of gaining military supplies
Emancipation Proclamation An executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, freeing the slaves in all regions behind Confederate lines
Battle of Gettysburg Fought from July 1 to July 3, 1863, is considered the most important engagement of the American Civil War
Battle of Vicksburg The final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War ----- it cut off the Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas from the rest of the Confederate States, effectively splitting the Confederacy in two for the duration of the war
Gettysburg Address A famous speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln in November 1863, at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
Appomattox Court House, Virginia Town near Appomattox, Virginia where Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9, 1865, thus ending the Civil War
Abraham Lincoln An American lawyer and politician who served as the 16th President of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in April 1865
William Sherman An American soldier, businessman, educator, and author ----- In 1864, Sherman succeeded Grant as the Union commander in the western theater of the war
U.S. Grant Commanded the victorious Union army during the American Civil War (1861-1865) and served as the 18th U.S. president from 1869 to 1877
Thomas J. Jackson A war hero and one of the South's most successful generals during the American Civil War (1861-65)
Merrimack An ironclad ship used by the South in he Civil War
Monitor An ironclad ship used by the North in the Civil War
Richmond (why the capital?) In 1864-5, General U.S. Grant laid siege to nearby Petersburg, whose evacuation by Lee caused the government to flee the capital, which the retreating Confederates left in flames
Copperheads A Northern Democrat who advocated making peace with the Confederacy during the Civil War
Total War Military conflict in which the contenders are willing to make any sacrifice in lives and other resources to obtain a complete victory, as distinguished from limited war
John Wilkes Booth A native of Maryland, was a fierce Confederate sympathizer during the Civil War ----- assassinated President Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson 17th U.S. president, assumed office after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) ----- served from 1865 to 1869, was the first American president to be impeached.
Clara Barton A pioneering nurse who founded the American Red Cross ---- She was a hospital nurse in the American Civil War, a teacher, and patent clerk
George Pickett A career United States Army officer who became a major general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War
Created by: sarah23me1