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History 2

The English Civil War vocabulary

TermDefinition
Absolutist someone who rules with absolute power
Personal Rule a period during which Charles ruled on his own
Ship money a tax used to protect coastal areas
High Church a Protestant Church with some Catholic practices
Puritan a Protestant Church with no Catholic influences
Grand Remonstrance a list of criticisms of Charles I from Parliament
Court of Star Chamber a court that was set up to deal with legal disputes which could issue fines
Roundheads a nick name for the supporters of Parliament
New Model Army a new army set up by the Parliamentarians to win the war
Cavalier a nick name for the supporters of Charles I
Levellers a group who wanted every man to have a vote
Digger a group who wanted to share out land equally
Charles I a king who wanted to rule as an Absolutist but was stopped and executed by the Parliament
William Laud the Archbishop of Canterbury who introduced High Church reforms
John Pym a leading MP who led a campaign against Charles I in Parliament
Oliver Cromwell a cavalry officer in the New Model Army, His power grew due to the success in the war.
the Prayer Book Rebellion in 1637 a rebellion in Scotland caused by the introduction of a prayer book.
trial of Charles I in 1649 a trial held by Parliamentarians which led to the King's execution
Created by: Juditht