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HNRS HST UNIT 6 2018

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian HNRS HIST Unit 6 Test Flashcards 2018

QuestionAnswer
What does the term "Manifest Destiny" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the idea that the United States was "destined" by God to expand from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
List the names of three (3) groups that supported "Manifest Destiny" and their reasons for supporting it. 1.) Land speculators - Wanted to extend the nation's railroads into the west; 2.) Farmers - Wanted access to cheap farm land; 3.) Protestant leaders - Wanted to ensure a Protestant United States, not a Catholic Mexico controlling the continent.
List the names of two (2) groups that opposed "Manifest Destiny" and their reasons for opposing it. 1.) Whigs - They wanted a better connected United States, not a larger one; 2.) Antislavery advocates - Felt that more states would mean more slave states.
Why did some Americans view American expansion as "simply wrong"? (HINT: This relates to "Manifest Destiny".) Some did not want to become Americans because they thought that it would bring an end to their cultural identity (EX: Mexicans living in California before it was annexed).
Explain what each side received as part of the Adams - Onis Treaty of 1819. 1.) U.S. - Got Florida and Spanish claims to Oregon; 2.) Spain - Got U.S. recognition of the Sabine River between U.S. Louisiana and Spanish Texas.
What does the term "Tejanos" mean/ refer to? This term refers to people of Spanish or Mexican descent born in Texas.
What does the term "empresario" mean/ refer to? An agent who received a land grant from the Spanish or Mexican government in return for organizing settlements.
List three (3) core principles of the Whig party. 1.) Opposition to Andrew Jackson; 2.) A larger federal government; 3.) The creation of a Bank of the United States.
How did President van Buren contribute to "Indian removal"and "Manifest Destiny" in general? He contributed to this by continuing President Jackson's Indian Removal policies, which had been enacted to facilitate "Manifest Destiny" ideals (i.e. westward expansion).
How does the "Webster - Ashburton Treaty" relate to "Manifest Destiny" in general? It resolved the border with Canada as far west as Minnesota.
What was the "Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo"? This ended the U.S. war with Mexico in 1848.
List two (2) conditions established by the "Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo". 1.) Mexico was paid $15 million (but it went to its creditors); 2.) The U.S. gained all of Texas as far as the Rio Grande River and land farther west to California including San Diego.
Briefly explain the "California Gold Rush". After gold was discovered in California in the mid - 1800's, thousands of people flocked to the state to try to find gold for themselves and "strike it rich". This produced millions of dollars in wealth for the region.
What did the "Kanagawa Treaty" do/ establish? This was an agreement between the U.S. and Japan that opened two Japanese ports to U.S. trade, protected shipwrecked American sailors, & ended 200 years of isolation.
List the reasons why people emigrated from Europe and Asia to the U.S. 1.) To build railroads; 2.) Fleeing from famine in their home countries; 3.) Fleeing to safety due to revolutions in their home countries; 4.) Take part in the "California Gold Rush".
List the names of the three (3) main ethnic groups in the U.S. in the 1840's. 1.) Asians; 2.) Germans; 3.) Mexican Americans.
Why did people emigrate from China to the U.S. in the mid - 1800's? This group of people emigrated to the U.S. due to overpopulation. Land had become scarce, rents soared, & peasants couldn't maintain their existence due to this.
What was the "Great Famine of 1845 - 1850"? This was a period when a disease called "potato blight" spread across Ireland that caused mass starvation and immigration to the U.S.
How were Irish immigrants viewed by Protestant Americans once they arrived in the U.S.? This group of people was viewed as an "inferior race" who practiced a "degrading religion" (i.e. Catholicism).
What was the "Know-Nothing Party"? This was a political party formed from the remnants of the former Whig Party along with disaffected Northern Democrats as an anti-immigrant party.
What is one (1) way that U.S. citizens dealt with lawlessness and population explosion in Western towns in the mid - 1850's? U.S. citizens dealt with this by creating "Committees of Vigilance" - groups of vigilantes who resorted to "extralegal" means (ex: public whippings) to assert law and order.
Briefly explain Denmark Vessey's goals for his revolt. He & his supporters planned to burn important military and financial institutions in South Carolina, kill white residents, then seize weapons and gold caches.
What ultimately happened to Denmark Vessey's revolt? He was betrayed and was never able to carry out his plan.
Briefly explain what happened during Nat Turner's slave revolt. Turner and his forces killed over 60 slave-owning whites before state and federal troops defeated him.
What was the "Amistad" and how does it relate to slave revolts? This was the name of a slave ship. Slaves took over the ship, killed the captain and some of the crew, and demanded that the ship sail back to Africa where they would be freed.
What was "The Liberator"? This was the name of an abolitionist newspaper launched by William Lloyd Garrison in 1831.
What does the term "Oberlin Abolitionism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to a type of abolitionism that emerged following a series of religious revivals held by Charles Grandison Finney in upstate New York in the 1820's.
What was the "Declaration of Rights and Sentiments"? This was the name given to the series of resolutions passed during the Seneca Falls Convention that called for full equality, including the right to vote, for women.
Who were Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton? They were the organizers of the Seneca Falls Woman's Rights Convention.
What tensions arose between women's rights advocates and antislavery efforts? African American women were often reluctant to join anti-slavery societies created by white women because white women nearly always held all of the leadership positions in them.
What was the Wilmot Proviso's proposed purpose? This would prohibit slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico.
What was the "Fugitive Slave Act"? This created a new set of federal agents to help track runaway slaves and required authorities in the North to help Southern slave catchers and return runaway slaves to their owners.
How does the book "Uncle Tom's Cabin" relate to slavery in the 1850's? The book depicted a woman fleeing from "slave catchers", which was a reference to the "Fugitive Slave Act".
What does the term "popular sovereignty" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the idea that residents of states should decide whether or not their state is a "free" or "slave" state.
What was the "Kansas - Nebraska Act"? This law established the states of Kansas and Nebraska and left the decision as to whether or not they would become "free" or "slave" states up to the state's residents.
What was the "Second Party System"? A system that began when followers and supporters of Andrew Jackson created the Democratic party as a political party and Jackson's opponents formed the Whig Party.
What does the term "Bleeding Kansas" mean/ refer to? This term refers to an outbreak of violence between pro and anti-slavery forces in Kansas after passage of the "Kansas - Nebraska Act".
What was the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in the "Dred Scott vs. Sandford" case? The U.S. Supreme Court ruled against him stating that, because he was African American, he did not have any rights that the U.S. - or white men - needed to honor.
What is the "Mason - Dixon Line"? This is the line created by surveyors Jeremiah Dixon and Charles Mason between 1763 and 1767 that settled the border between Pennsylvania and Maryland, which came to be seen as the North - South dividing line.
Briefly explain the events of John Brown's Raid on the Federal Arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia. Abolitionist John Brown & his forces planned to seize the federal arsenal & arm local abolitionists in support of their planned uprising. The raid failed. Brown was captured, found guilty of insurrection, & executed.
What happened to the "Know-Nothing Party" in 1856? Most members of this party joined the Republican party and formed "an uneasy alliance" with pro-immigrant faction of the party.
Which state was the first to secede from the Union? South Carolina was the first state to do this.
Where and when did the Civil War officially begin? This war began when shots were fired on Fort Sumter, South Carolina on April 12th, 1861.
List the names of the five (5) states that seceded from the Union during the "Second Wave of Secession". 1.) Florida, 2.) Georgia; 3.) Louisiana; 4.) Mississippi; 5.) Alabama.
What was the "Crittenden Compromise"? This is the name of the "last ditch" effort to amend the Constitution to protect slavery in the states where it existed.
Created by: sticklerpjpII